Edzer Pebesma

Edzer Pebesma

29 packages on CRAN

1 packages on GitHub

gstat

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Variogram modelling; simple, ordinary and universal point or block (co)kriging; spatio-temporal kriging; sequential Gaussian or indicator (co)simulation; variogram and variogram map plotting utility functions; supports sf and stars.

intervals

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Tools for working with and comparing sets of points and intervals.

lwgeom

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Access to selected functions found in 'liblwgeom' <https://github.com/postgis/postgis/tree/master/liblwgeom>, the light-weight geometry library used by 'PostGIS' <http://postgis.net/>.

s2

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Provides R bindings for Google's s2 library for geometric calculations on the sphere. High-performance constructors and exporters provide high compatibility with existing spatial packages, transformers construct new geometries from existing geometries, predicates provide a means to select geometries based on spatial relationships, and accessors extract information about geometries.

sf

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Support for simple features, a standardized way to encode spatial vector data. Binds to 'GDAL' for reading and writing data, to 'GEOS' for geometrical operations, and to 'PROJ' for projection conversions and datum transformations. Optionally uses the 's2' package for spherical geometry operations on geographic coordinates.

sp

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Classes and methods for spatial data; the classes document where the spatial location information resides, for 2D or 3D data. Utility functions are provided, e.g. for plotting data as maps, spatial selection, as well as methods for retrieving coordinates, for subsetting, print, summary, etc.

spacetime

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Classes and methods for spatio-temporal data, including space-time regular lattices, sparse lattices, irregular data, and trajectories; utility functions for plotting data as map sequences (lattice or animation) or multiple time series; methods for spatial and temporal selection and subsetting, as well as for spatial/temporal/spatio-temporal matching or aggregation, retrieving coordinates, print, summary, etc.

stars

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Reading, manipulating, writing and plotting spatiotemporal arrays (raster and vector data cubes) in 'R', using 'GDAL' bindings provided by 'sf', and 'NetCDF' bindings by 'ncmeta' and 'RNetCDF'.

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Classes and methods for trajectory data, with support for nesting individual Track objects in track sets (Tracks) and track sets for different entities in collections of Tracks. Methods include selection, generalization, aggregation, intersection, simulation, and plotting.

units

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Support for measurement units in R vectors, matrices and arrays: automatic propagation, conversion, derivation and simplification of units; raising errors in case of unit incompatibility. Compatible with the POSIXct, Date and difftime classes. Uses the UNIDATA udunits library and unit database for unit compatibility checking and conversion. Documentation about 'units' is provided in the paper by Pebesma, Mailund & Hiebert (2016, <doi:10.32614/RJ-2016-061>), included in this package as a vignette; see 'citation("units")' for details.

vardiag

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Interactive variogram diagnostics.

cartogram

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Construct continuous and non-contiguous area cartograms.

CAST

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Supporting functionality to run 'caret' with spatial or spatial-temporal data. 'caret' is a frequently used package for model training and prediction using machine learning. This package includes functions to improve spatial-temporal modelling tasks using 'caret'. It prepares data for Leave-Location-Out and Leave-Time-Out cross-validation which are target-oriented validation strategies for spatial-temporal models. To decrease overfitting and improve model performances, the package implements a forward feature selection that selects suitable predictor variables in view to their contribution to the target-oriented performance.

gdalcubes

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Processing collections of Earth observation images as on-demand multispectral, multitemporal raster data cubes. Users define cubes by spatiotemporal extent, resolution, and spatial reference system and let 'gdalcubes' automatically apply cropping, reprojection, and resampling using the 'Geospatial Data Abstraction Library' ('GDAL'). Implemented functions on data cubes include reduction over space and time, applying arithmetic expressions on pixel band values, moving window aggregates over time, filtering by space, time, bands, and predicates on pixel values, exporting data cubes as 'netCDF' or 'GeoTIFF' files, and plotting. The package implements lazy evaluation and multithreading. All computational parts are implemented in C++, linking to the 'GDAL', 'netCDF', 'CURL', and 'SQLite' libraries. See Appel and Pebesma (2019) <doi:10.3390/data4030092> for further details.

geos

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Provides an R API to the Open Source Geometry Engine ('GEOS') library (<https://trac.osgeo.org/geos/>) and a vector format with which to efficiently store 'GEOS' geometries. High-performance functions to extract information from, calculate relationships between, and transform geometries are provided. Finally, facilities to import and export geometry vectors to other spatial formats are provided.

intamap

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Provides classes and methods for automated spatial interpolation.

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Includes additional functionality for spatial interpolation in the intamap package, such as bias correction and network optimization.

maptools

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Set of tools for manipulating geographic data. It includes binary access to 'GSHHG' shoreline files. The package also provides interface wrappers for exchanging spatial objects with packages such as 'PBSmapping', 'spatstat', 'maps', and others.

mapview

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Quickly and conveniently create interactive visualisations of spatial data with or without background maps. Attributes of displayed features are fully queryable via pop-up windows. Additional functionality includes methods to visualise true- and false-color raster images and bounding boxes.

meteo

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Spatio-temporal geostatistical mapping of meteorological data. Global spatio-temporal models calculated using publicly available data are stored in package.

plotKML

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Writes sp-class, spacetime-class, raster-class and similar spatial and spatio-temporal objects to KML following some basic cartographic rules.

raster

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Reading, writing, manipulating, analyzing and modeling of spatial data. The package implements basic and high-level functions for raster data and for vector data operations such as intersections. See the manual and tutorials on <https://rspatial.org/> to get started.

rgdal

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Provides bindings to the 'Geospatial' Data Abstraction Library ('GDAL') (>= 1.11.4) and access to projection/transformation operations from the 'PROJ' library. Use is made of classes defined in the 'sp' package. Raster and vector map data can be imported into R, and raster and vector 'sp' objects exported. The 'GDAL' and 'PROJ' libraries are external to the package, and, when installing the package from source, must be correctly installed first; it is important that 'GDAL' < 3 be matched with 'PROJ' < 6. From 'rgdal' 1.5-8, installed with to 'GDAL' >=3, 'PROJ' >=6 and 'sp' >= 1.4, coordinate reference systems use 'WKT2_2019' strings, not 'PROJ' strings. 'Windows' and 'macOS' binaries (including 'GDAL', 'PROJ' and their dependencies) are provided on 'CRAN'.

rgeos

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Interface to Geometry Engine - Open Source ('GEOS') using the C 'API' for topology operations on geometries. The 'GEOS' library is external to the package, and, when installing the package from source, must be correctly installed first. Windows and Mac Intel OS X binaries are provided on 'CRAN'. ('rgeos' >= 0.5-1): Up to and including 'GEOS' 3.7.1, topological operations succeeded with some invalid geometries for which the same operations fail from and including 'GEOS' 3.7.2. The 'checkValidity=' argument defaults and structure have been changed, from default FALSE to integer default '0L' for 'GEOS' < 3.7.2 (no check), '1L' 'GEOS' >= 3.7.2 (check and warn). A value of '2L' is also provided that may be used, assigned globally using 'set_RGEOS_CheckValidity(2L)', or locally using the 'checkValidity=2L' argument, to attempt zero-width buffer repair if invalid geometries are found. The previous default (FALSE, now '0L') is fastest and used for 'GEOS' < 3.7.2, but will not warn users of possible problems before the failure of topological operations that previously succeeded. From 'GEOS' 3.8.0, repair of geometries may also be attempted using 'gMakeValid()', which may, however, return a collection of geometries of different types.

rgdal2

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Read and write GIS data using GDAL bindings.

sos4R

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A client for Sensor Observation Services (SOS, see <https://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/sos>) as specified by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). With the package users can retrieve (meta)data from SOS instances and interactively create requests for near real-time observation data based on the available sensors, phenomena, observations etc. using thematic, temporal, and spatial filtering.

spsann

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Methods to optimize sample configurations using spatial simulated annealing. Multiple objective functions are implemented for various purposes, such as variogram estimation, spatial trend estimation and spatial interpolation. A general purpose spatial simulated annealing function enables the user to define his/her own objective function. Solutions for augmenting existing sample configurations and solving multi-objective optimization problems are available as well.

terra

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Methods for spatial data analysis, especially raster data. Methods allow for low-level data manipulation as well as high-level global, local, zonal, and focal computation. The predict and interpolate methods facilitate the use of regression type (interpolation, machine learning) models for spatial prediction. Processing of very large files is supported. See the manual and tutorials on <https://rspatial.org/terra/> to get started. The package is similar to the 'raster' package; but 'terra' is simpler and faster.

vapour

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Provides low-level access to 'GDAL' functionality for R packages. The aim is to minimize the level of interpretation put on the 'GDAL' facilities, to enable direct use of it for a variety of purposes. 'GDAL' is the 'Geospatial Data Abstraction Library' a translator for raster and vector geospatial data formats that presents a single raster abstract data model and single vector abstract data model to the calling application for all supported formats <http://gdal.org/>. Other available packages 'rgdal' and 'sf' also provide access to the 'GDAL' library, but neither can be used for these lower level tasks, and both do many other tasks.

wk

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Provides a minimal R and C++ API for parsing well-known binary and well-known text representation of geometries to and from R-native formats. Well-known binary is compact and fast to parse; well-known text is human-readable and is useful for writing tests. These formats are only useful in R if the information they contain can be accessed in R, for which high-performance functions are provided here.