# Max Kuhn

#### 38 packages on CRAN

#### 1 packages on GitHub

Raw and processed versions of the data from De Cock (2011) <http://ww2.amstat.org/publications/jse> are included in the package.

A few functions and several data set for the Springer book 'Applied Predictive Modeling'.

Tree- and rule-based models can be bagged using this package and their predictions equations are stored in an efficient format to reduce the model objects size and speed.

C5.0 decision trees and rule-based models for pattern recognition that extend the work of Quinlan (1993, ISBN:1-55860-238-0).

A tool for exploring correlations. It makes it possible to easily perform routine tasks when exploring correlation matrices such as ignoring the diagonal, focusing on the correlations of certain variables against others, or rearranging and visualizing the matrix in terms of the strength of the correlations.

S3 classes for multivariate optimization using the desirability function by Derringer and Suich (1980).

Many models contain tuning parameters (i.e. parameters that cannot be directly estimated from the data). These tools can be used to define objects for creating, simulating, or validating values for such parameters.

Bindings for additional classification models for use with the 'parsnip' package. Models include flavors of discriminant analysis, such as linear (Fisher (1936) <doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.1936.tb02137.x>), regularized (Friedman (1989) <doi:10.1080/01621459.1989.10478752>), and flexible (Hastie, Tibshirani, and Buja (1994) <doi:10.1080/01621459.1994.10476866>), as well as naive Bayes classifiers (Hand and Yu (2007) <doi:10.1111/j.1751-5823.2001.tb00465.x>).

Predictors can be converted to one or more numeric representations using simple generalized linear models <arXiv:1611.09477> or nonlinear models <arXiv:1604.06737>. Most encoding methods are supervised.

The ability to tune models is important. 'finetune' enhances the 'tune' package by providing more specialized methods for finding reasonable values of model tuning parameters. Two racing methods described by Kuhn (2014) <arXiv:1405.6974> are included. An iterative search method using generalized simulated annealing (Bohachevsky, Johnson and Stein, 1986) <doi:10.1080/00401706.1986.10488128> is also included.

Data sets used for demonstrating or testing model-related packages are contained in this package.

Uses 'dplyr' and 'tidyeval' to fit statistical models inside the database. It currently supports KMeans and linear regression models.

A common interface is provided to allow users to specify a model without having to remember the different argument names across different functions or computational engines (e.g. 'R', 'Spark', 'Stan', etc).

Bindings for additional regression models for use with the 'parsnip' package, including ordinary and spare partial least squares models for regression and classification (Rohart et al (2017) <doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005752>).

Bindings for Poisson regression models for use with the 'parsnip' package. Models include simple generalized linear models, Bayesian models, and zero-inflated Poisson models (Zeileis, Kleiber, and Jackman (2008) <doi:10.18637/jss.v027.i08>).

An extensible framework to create and preprocess design matrices. Recipes consist of one or more data manipulation and analysis "steps". Statistical parameters for the steps can be estimated from an initial data set and then applied to other data sets. The resulting design matrices can then be used as inputs into statistical or machine learning models.

Classes and functions to create and summarize different types of resampling objects (e.g. bootstrap, cross-validation).

Bindings for additional models for use with the 'parsnip' package. Models include prediction rule ensembles (Friedman and Popescu, 2008) <doi:10.1214/07-AOAS148>, C5.0 rules (Quinlan, 1992 ISBN: 1558602380), and Cubist (Kuhn and Johnson, 2013) <doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6849-3>.

Performs sparse linear discriminant analysis for Gaussians and mixture of Gaussian models.

The tidy modeling "verse" is a collection of packages for modeling and statistical analysis that share the underlying design philosophy, grammar, and data structures of the tidyverse.

Bayesian analysis used here to answer the question: "when looking at resampling results, are the differences between models 'real'?" To answer this, a model can be created were the performance statistic is the resampling statistics (e.g. accuracy or RMSE). These values are explained by the model types. In doing this, we can get parameter estimates for each model's affect on performance and make statistical (and practical) comparisons between models. The methods included here are similar to Benavoli et al (2017) <http://jmlr.org/papers/v18/16-305.html>.

It parses a fitted 'R' model object, and returns a formula in 'Tidy Eval' code that calculates the predictions. It works with several databases back-ends because it leverages 'dplyr' and 'dbplyr' for the final 'SQL' translation of the algorithm. It currently supports lm(), glm(), randomForest(), ranger(), earth(), xgb.Booster.complete(), cubist(), and ctree() models.

The ability to tune models is important. 'tune' contains functions and classes to be used in conjunction with other 'tidymodels' packages for finding reasonable values of hyper-parameters in models, pre-processing methods, and post-processing steps.

Code snippets to fit models using the tidymodels framework can be easily created for a given data set.

A modeling package compiling applicability domain methods in R. It combines different methods to measure the amount of extrapolation new samples can have from the training set. See Netzeva et al (2005) <doi:10.1177/026119290503300209> for an overview of applicability domains.

Summarizes key information about statistical objects in tidy tibbles. This makes it easy to report results, create plots and consistently work with large numbers of models at once. Broom provides three verbs that each provide different types of information about a model. tidy() summarizes information about model components such as coefficients of a regression. glance() reports information about an entire model, such as goodness of fit measures like AIC and BIC. augment() adds information about individual observations to a dataset, such as fitted values or influence measures.

A collection of miscellaneous basic statistic functions and convenience wrappers for efficiently describing data. The author's intention was to create a toolbox, which facilitates the (notoriously time consuming) first descriptive tasks in data analysis, consisting of calculating descriptive statistics, drawing graphical summaries and reporting the results. The package contains furthermore functions to produce documents using MS Word (or PowerPoint) and functions to import data from Excel. Many of the included functions can be found scattered in other packages and other sources written partly by Titans of R. The reason for collecting them here, was primarily to have them consolidated in ONE instead of dozens of packages (which themselves might depend on other packages which are not needed at all), and to provide a common and consistent interface as far as function and arguments naming, NA handling, recycling rules etc. are concerned. Google style guides were used as naming rules (in absence of convincing alternatives). The 'BigCamelCase' style was consequently applied to functions borrowed from contributed R packages as well.

Building modeling packages is hard. A large amount of effort generally goes into providing an implementation for a new method that is efficient, fast, and correct, but often less emphasis is put on the user interface. A good interface requires specialized knowledge about S3 methods and formulas, which the average package developer might not have. The goal of 'hardhat' is to reduce the burden around building new modeling packages by providing functionality for preprocessing, predicting, and validating input.

Models can be improved by post-processing class probabilities, by: recalibration, conversion to hard probabilities, assessment of equivocal zones, and other activities. 'probably' contains tools for conducting these operations.

Provides a set of functions for working with Random Number Generators (RNGs). In particular, a generic S4 framework is defined for getting/setting the current RNG, or RNG data that are embedded into objects for reproducibility. Notably, convenient default methods greatly facilitate the way current RNG settings can be changed.

Stores and eases the manipulation of spectra and associated data, with dedicated classes for spatial and soil-related data.

Model stacking is an ensemble technique that involves training a model to combine the outputs of many diverse statistical models, and has been shown to improve predictive performance in a variety of settings. 'stacks' implements a grammar for 'tidymodels'-aligned model stacking.

Tidy tools for quantifying how well model fits to a data set such as confusion matrices, class probability curve summaries, and regression metrics (e.g., RMSE).