```
combine
showMethods("combine")
selectMethod("combine", c("ANY", "missing"))
selectMethod("combine", c("data.frame", "data.frame"))
selectMethod("combine", c("matrix", "matrix"))
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
## COMBINING TWO DATA FRAMES
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
x <- data.frame(x=1:5,
y=factor(letters[1:5], levels=letters[1:8]),
row.names=letters[1:5])
y <- data.frame(z=3:7,
y=factor(letters[3:7], levels=letters[1:8]),
row.names=letters[3:7])
combine(x,y)
w <- data.frame(w=4:8,
y=factor(letters[4:8], levels=letters[1:8]),
row.names=letters[4:8])
combine(w, x, y)
# y is converted to 'factor' with different levels
df1 <- data.frame(x=1:5,y=letters[1:5], row.names=letters[1:5])
df2 <- data.frame(z=3:7,y=letters[3:7], row.names=letters[3:7])
try(combine(df1, df2)) # fails
# solution 1: ensure identical levels
y1 <- factor(letters[1:5], levels=letters[1:7])
y2 <- factor(letters[3:7], levels=letters[1:7])
df1 <- data.frame(x=1:5,y=y1, row.names=letters[1:5])
df2 <- data.frame(z=3:7,y=y2, row.names=letters[3:7])
combine(df1, df2)
# solution 2: force column to be 'character'
df1 <- data.frame(x=1:5,y=I(letters[1:5]), row.names=letters[1:5])
df2 <- data.frame(z=3:7,y=I(letters[3:7]), row.names=letters[3:7])
combine(df1, df2)
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
## COMBINING TWO MATRICES
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
m <- matrix(1:20, nrow=5, dimnames=list(LETTERS[1:5], letters[1:4]))
combine(m[1:3,], m[4:5,])
combine(m[1:3, 1:3], m[3:5, 3:4]) # overlap
```

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