DescTools v0.99.36


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Tools for Descriptive Statistics

A collection of miscellaneous basic statistic functions and convenience wrappers for efficiently describing data. The author's intention was to create a toolbox, which facilitates the (notoriously time consuming) first descriptive tasks in data analysis, consisting of calculating descriptive statistics, drawing graphical summaries and reporting the results. The package contains furthermore functions to produce documents using MS Word (or PowerPoint) and functions to import data from Excel. Many of the included functions can be found scattered in other packages and other sources written partly by Titans of R. The reason for collecting them here, was primarily to have them consolidated in ONE instead of dozens of packages (which themselves might depend on other packages which are not needed at all), and to provide a common and consistent interface as far as function and arguments naming, NA handling, recycling rules etc. are concerned. Google style guides were used as naming rules (in absence of convincing alternatives). The 'BigCamelCase' style was consequently applied to functions borrowed from contributed R packages as well.


status downloads downloads License: GPL
v2+ Lifecycle:
maturing R build

Tools for Descriptive Statistics and Exploratory Data Analysis

DescTools is an extensive collection of miscellaneous basic statistics functions and comfort wrappers not available in the R basic system for efficient description of data. The author’s intention was to create a toolbox, which facilitates the (notoriously time consuming) first descriptive tasks in data analysis, consisting of calculating descriptive statistics, drawing graphical summaries and reporting the results. The package contains furthermore functions to produce documents using MS Word (or PowerPoint) and functions to import data from Excel.

A considerable part of the included functions can be found scattered in other packages and other sources written partly by Titans of R. The reason for collecting them here, was primarily to have them consolidated in ONE instead of dozens of packages (which themselves might depend on other packages, which are not needed at all), and to provide a common and consistent interface as far as function and arguments naming, NA handling, recycling rules etc. are concerned. Google style guides were used as naming rules (in absence of convincing alternatives). The ‘CamelStyle’ was consequently applied to functions borrowed from contributed R packages as well.

Feedback, feature requests, bug reports and other suggestions are welcome! Please report problems to to GitHub issues tracker (preferred), Stack Overflow mentioning DescTools or directly to the maintainer.


You can install the released version of DescTools from CRAN with:


And the development version from GitHub with:

if (!require("remotes")) install.packages("remotes")


Warning: This package is still under development. Although the code seems meanwhile quite stable, until release of version 1.0 you should be aware that everything in the package might be subject to change. Backward compatibility is not yet guaranteed. Functions may be deleted or renamed and new syntax may be inconsistent with earlier versions. By release of version 1.0 the “deprecated-defunct process” will be installed.


To make use of MS-Office features, you must have Office in one of its variants installed. All Wrd*, XL* and Pp* functions require the package RDCOMClient to be installed as well. Hence the use of these functions is restricted to Windows systems. RDCOMClient can be installed with:

install.packages("RDCOMClient", repos="")

The omegahat repository does not benefit from the same update service as CRAN. So you may be forced to install a package compiled with an earlier version, which usually is not a problem. Use, e.g., for R 3.6x:

url <- ""
install.packages(url, repos = NULL, type = "binary")

RDCOMClient does not exist for Mac or Linux, sorry.


Andri Signorell
Helsana Versicherungen AG, Health Sciences, Zurich
HWZ University of Applied Sciences in Business Administration Zurich.

R is a community project. This can be seen from the fact that this package includes R source code and/or documentation previously published by various authors and contributors. Special thanks go to Beat Bruengger, Mathias Frueh, Daniel Wollschlaeger for their valuable contributions and testing. The good things come from all these guys, any problems are likely due to my tweaking. Thank you all!

Maintainer: Andri Signorell


demo(describe, package = "DescTools")
demo(plots, package = "DescTools")

Functions in DescTools

Name Description
AllIdentical Test Multiple Objects for Exact Equality
AUC Area Under the Curve
AddMonths Add a Month to a Date
AndersonDarlingTest Anderson-Darling Test of Goodness-of-Fit
AllDuplicated Index Vector of All Values Involved in Ties
AddMonthsYM Add a Month to a Date in YearMonth Format
Abstract Display Compact Abstract of a Data Frame
BartelsRankTest Bartels Rank Test of Randomness
BarText Add the Value Labels to a Barplot
Arrow Insert an Arrow Into a Plot
Base Conversions Converts Numbers From Binmode, Octmode or Hexmode to Decimal and Vice Versa
Atkinson Atkinson Index - A Measure of Inequality.
Abind Combine Multidimensional Arrays
Append Append Elements to Objects
AscToChar Convert ASCII Codes to Characters and Vice Versa
AxisBreak Place a Break Mark on an Axis
Agree Raw Simple And Extended Percentage Agreement
BarnardTest Barnard's Unconditional Test
BoxCoxLambda Automatic Selection of Box Cox Transformation Parameter
Benford Benford's Distribution
CatTable Function to write a table
CartToPol Transform Cartesian to Polar/Spherical Coordinates and Vice Versa
CochranQTest Cochran's Q test
BinomCI Confidence Intervals for Binomial Proportions
Between, Outside Operators To Check, If a Value Lies Within Or Outside a Given Range
BrierScore Brier Score for Assessing Prediction Accuracy
CoefVar Coefficient of Variation
BubbleLegend Add a Legend to a Bubble Plot
CochranArmitageTest Cochran-Armitage Test for Trend
BreslowDayTest Breslow-Day Test for Homogeneity of the Odds Ratios
BoxedText Add Text in a Box to a Plot
CohenD Cohen's Effect Size
BinomRatioCI Confidence Intervals for the Ratio of Binomial and Multinomial Proportions
BinTree Binary Tree
Conf Confusion Matrix And Associated Statistics
CentralValue Obtain statistic of centrality
ConDisPairs Concordant and Discordant Pairs
CountCompCases Count Complete Cases
Asp Get Aspect Ratio of the Current Plot
BinomDiffCI Confidence Interval for a Difference of Binomials
CorPolychor Polychoric Correlation
Association measures Cramer's V, Pearson's Contingency Coefficient and Phi Coefficient Yule's Q and Y, Tschuprow's T
ConnLines Add Connection Lines to a Barplot
ConoverTest Conover's Test of Multiple Comparisons
Cor Covariance and Correlation (Matrices)
Closest Find the Closest Value
Clockwise Calculates Begin and End Angle From a List of Given Angles in Clockwise Mode
CramerVonMisesTest Cramer-von Mises Test for Normality
CorPart Find the Correlations for a Set x of Variables With Set y Removed
BreuschGodfreyTest Breusch-Godfrey Test
Assocs Association Measures
Coalesce Return the First Element Not Being NA
ColToGrey Convert Colors to Grey/Grayscale
CohenKappa Cohen's Kappa and Weighted Kappa
CutQ Create a Factor Variable Using the Quantiles of a Continuous Variable
CombPairs Get All Pairs Out of One or Two Sets of Elements
Dot Scalar Product
ColumnWrap Column Wrap
ColorLegend Add a ColorLegend to a Plot
Desc Describe Data
DenseRank Dense Ranks and Percent Ranks
CrossN n-dimensional Vector Cross Product
CompleteColumns Find Complete Columns
DrawArc Draw Elliptic Arc(s)
Datasets for Simulation Datasets for Probabilistic Simulation
DegToRad Convert Degrees to Radians and Vice Versa
DivCoef Rao's Diversity Coefficient
Cstat C Statistic (Area Under the ROC Curve)
Date Functions Basic Date Functions
DrawBand Draw Confidence Band
DivCoefMax Maximal value of Rao's diversity coefficient also called quadratic entropy
DoCall Fast Alternative To The Internal
DoBy Evaluates a Function Groupwise
DigitSum Calculate Digit Sum
Contrasts Pairwise Contrasts
Divisors Calculate Divisors
CCC Concordance Correlation Coefficient
BootCI Simple Bootstrap Confidence Intervals
Fibonacci Fibonacci Numbers
BoxCox Box Cox Transformation
DunnTest Dunn's Test of Multiple Comparisons
ColToHex Convert a Color or a RGB-color Into Hex String
DrawBezier Draw a Bezier Curve
ConvUnit Unit Conversion and Metrix Prefixes
Canvas Canvas for Geometric Plotting
DrawCircle Draw a Circle
DrawEllipse Draw an Ellipse
FctArgs Retrieve a Function's Arguments
FindColor Get Color on a Defined Color Range
ExtrVal Distributions of Maxima and Minima
Frac Fractional Part and Maximal Digits of a Numeric Value
Format Format Numbers and Dates
GTest G-Test for Count Data
Factorize Prime Factorization of Integers
DunnettTest Dunnett's Test for Comparing Several Treatments With a Control
CronbachAlpha Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha
FindCorr Determine Highly Correlated Variables
GenExtrVal The Generalized Extreme Value Distribution
Cross Vector Cross Product
GetNewXL Create a New Excel Instance
ColToRgb Color to RGB Conversion
Eps Greenhouse-Geisser And Huynh-Feldt Epsilons
CountWorkDays Count Work Days Between Two Dates
CollapseTable Collapse Levels of a Table
Gumbel The Gumbel Distribution
DrawRegPolygon Draw Regular Polygon(s)
Gmean Geometric Mean and Standard Deviation
Gompertz The Gompertz distribution
ColToHsv R Color to HSV Conversion
GetNewWrd Create a New Word Instance
Dummy Generate Dummy Codes for a Factor
GenPareto The Generalized Pareto Distribution
CourseData Get HWZ Datasets
GeomSn Geometric Series
ErrBars Add Error Bars to an Existing Plot
DescToolsOptions DescTools Options
Hmean Harmonic Mean and Its Confidence Interval
JarqueBeraTest (Robust) Jarque Bera Test
HotellingsT2Test Hotelling's T2 Test
Herfindahl Concentration Measures
HuberM Safe (generalized) Huber M-Estimator of Location
ICC Intraclass Correlations (ICC1, ICC2, ICC3 From Shrout and Fleiss)
JonckheereTerpstraTest Exact Version of Jonckheere-Terpstra Test
HosmerLemeshowTest Hosmer-Lemeshow Goodness of Fit Tests
HmsToSec Convert h:m:s To/From Seconds
DescTools-package Tools for Descriptive Statistics and Exploratory Data Analysis
IsDichotomous Test If a Variable Contains Only Two Unique Values
IsEuclid Is a Distance Matrix Euclidean?
Freq2D Bivariate (Two-Dimensional) Frequency Distribution
GCD, LCM Greatest Common Divisor and Least Common Multiple
Lc Lorenz Curve
LehmacherTest Lehmacher's Test for Marginal Homogenity
MoveAvg Moving Average
LOF Local Outlier Factor
Median (Weighted) Median Value
IsValidHwnd Check Windows Pointer
LillieTest Lilliefors (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) Test for Normality
LeveneTest Levene's Test for Homogeneity of Variance
Label, Unit Label, Unit Attribute of an Object
OddsRatio Odds Ratio Estimation and Confidence Intervals
GoodmanKruskalTau Goodman Kruskal's Tau
FisherZ Fisher-Transformation for Correlation to z-Score
MultMerge Merge Multiple Data Frames
Entropy Shannon Entropy and Mutual Information
MedianCI Confidence Interval for the Median
GoodmanKruskalGamma Goodman Kruskal's Gamma
ExpFreq Expected Frequencies
FixToTable Convert a Text to a Table
DurbinWatsonTest Durbin-Watson Test
ParseFormula Parse a Formula and Create a Model Frame
EtaSq Effect Size Calculations for ANOVAs
IsDate Check If an Object Is of Type Date
Frechet The Frechet Distribution
Order Distributions of Order Statistics
InDots Is a Specific Argument in the Dots-Arguments?
ParseSASDatalines Parse a SAS Dataline Command
KendallTauA Kendall's \(\tau_{a}\)
KappaM Kappa for m Raters
Keywords List Keywords For R Manual Pages
Lambda Goodman Kruskal Lambda
GeomTrans Geometric Transformations
LinScale Linear Scaling
GetCurrWrd Get a Handle to a Running Word Instance
Freq Frequency Table for a Single Variable
PlotBubble Draw a Bubble Plot
HodgesLehmann Hodges-Lehmann Estimator of Location
Some numeric checks Check a Vector For Being Numeric, Zero Or a Whole Number
LineToUser Convert Line Coordinates To User Coordinates
MeanDiffCI Confidence Interval For Difference of Means
PasswordDlg Password Dialog
Gini Gini Coefficient
Extremes Kth Smallest/Largest Values
NPV Short Selection of Financial Mathematical Functions
MeanSE Standard Error of Mean
Measures of Accuracy Measures of Accuracy
ImputeKnn Fill in NA values with the values of the nearest neighbours
PMT Periodic Payment of an Annuity.
PercTable Percentage Table
PlotCandlestick Plot Candlestick Chart
IdentifyA Identify Points in Plot Lying Within a Rectangle or Polygon
Mar and Mgp Set Plot Margins and Distances
MHChisqTest Mantel-Haenszel Chi-Square Test
PearsonTest Pearson Chi-Square Test for Normality
MultinomCI Confidence Intervals for Multinomial Proportions
IQRw The (weighted) Interquartile Range
HoeffD Matrix of Hoeffding's D Statistics
IsPrime IsPrime Property
KrippAlpha Krippendorff's Alpha Reliability Coefficient
LOCF Last Observation Carried Forward
GiniSimpson Gini-Simpson Coefficient and Hunter-Gaston Index
List Variety Of Objects List Objects, Functions Or Data in a Package
PlotECDF Empirical Cumulative Distribution Function
Permn Number and Samples for Permutations or Combinations of a Set
PageTest Exact Page Test for Ordered Alternatives
HexToRgb Convert a Hexstring Color to a Matrix With Three Red/Green/Blue Rows
PlotCorr Plot a Correlation Matrix
Mean (Weighted) Arithmetic Mean
PairApply Pairwise Calculations
MAD Median Absolute Deviation
KendallTauB Kendall's \(\tau_{b}\)
MixColor Compute the Convex Combination of Two Colors
PlotArea Create an Area Plot
IsOdd Checks If An Integer Is Even Or Odd
HexToCol Identify Closest Match to a Color Given by a Hexadecimal String
ORToRelRisk Transform Odds Ratio to Relative Risk
DescTools Palettes Some Custom Palettes
Midx Find the Midpoints of a Numeric Vector
PlotPolar Plot Values on a Circular Grid
PlotFdist Frequency Distribution Plot
PoissonCI Poisson Confidence Interval
NemenyiTest Nemenyi Test
PlotFun Plot a Function
PlotBag Bivariate Boxplot
PlotMultiDens Plot Multiple Density Curves
PlotPairs Extended Scatterplot Matrices
KendallW Kendall's Coefficient of Concordance W
PlotACF Combined Plot of a Time Series and Its ACF and PACF
PlotLinesA Plot Lines
Primes Find All Primes Less Than n
PlotPyramid Draw a Back To Back Pyramid Plot
PlotFaces Chernoff Faces
RelRisk Relative Risk
PolarGrid Plot a Grid in Polar Coordinates
PlotLog Logarithmic Plot
Phrase Phrasing Results of t-Test
PseudoR2 Pseudo R2 Statistics
PlotDot Cleveland's Dot Plots
LogSt Started Logarithmic Transformation and Its Inverse
Recycle Recyle a List of Elements
PlotQQ QQ-Plot for Any Distribution
ScheffeTest Scheffe Test for Pairwise and Otherwise Comparisons
Str Compactly Display the Structure of any R Object
StrAbbr String Abbreviation
SendOutlookMail Send a Mail Using Outlook as Mail Client
PlotViolin Plot Violins Instead of Boxplots
RevWeibull The Reverse Weibull Distribution
StrPos Find Position of First Occurrence Of a String
PostHocTest Post-Hoc Tests
TTestA Student's t-Test Based on Sample Statistics
PowerPoint Interface Add Slides, Insert Texts and Plots to PowerPoint
PlotMonth Cycle Plot for Seasonal Effects of an Univariate Time Series
ColToOpaque Equivalent Opaque Color for Transparent Color
Logit Generalized Logit and Inverse Logit Function
MeanCI Confidence Interval for the Mean
TukeyBiweight Calculate Tukey's Biweight Robust Mean
PlotWeb Plot a Web of Connected Points
RSessionAlive How Long Has the RSession Been Running?
StrRev Reverse a String
Quot Lagged Quotients
TextContrastColor Choose Textcolor Depending on Background Color
pRevGumbel "Reverse" Gumbel Distribution Functions
MeanAD Mean Absolute Deviation From a Center Point
RunsTest Runs Test for Randomness
PlotMosaic Mosaic Plots
Depreciation Several Methods of Depreciation of an Asset
TwoGroups Describe a Variable by a Factor with Two Levels
Sample Random Samples and Permutations
PlotTernary Ternary or Triangular Plots
Rev Reverse Elements of a Vector, a Matrix, a Table, an Array or a Data.frame
WoolfTest Woolf Test For Homogeneity in 2x2xk Tables
Mode Mode, Most Frequent Value(s)
RoundTo Round to Multiple
Some Return Some Randomly Chosen Elements of an Object
SetAlpha Add an Alpha Channel To a Color
Rotate Rotate a Geometric Structure
ShapiroFranciaTest Shapiro-Francia Test for Normality
Shade Produce a Shaded Curve
SomersDelta Somers' Delta
XLGetRange Import Data Directly From Excel
WrdPlot Insert Active Plot to Word
XLSaveAs Save Excel File
DescTools Aliases Some Aliases Set for Convenience
StrChop Split a String into a Number of Sections of Defined Length
WrdSaveAs Open and Save Word Documents
Range (Robust) Range
Recode Recode a Factor
SetNames Set the Names in an Object
StrCountW Count Words in a String
WrdBookmark Return a Handle to a Word Bookmark Given as Name
PDFManual Get PDF Manual of a Package From CRAN
Sort Sort a Vector, a Matrix, a Table or a Data.frame
Outlier Outlier
RomanToInt Convert Roman Numerals to Integers
SortMixed Sort Strings with Embedded Numbers Based on Their Numeric Order
SD (Weighted) Standard Deviation
TMod Comparison Table For Linear Models
Measures of Shape Skewness and Kurtosis
SplitPath Split Path In Drive, Path, Filename
SmoothSpline Formula Interface For smooth.spline
StrTrim Remove Leading/Trailing Whitespace From A String
SpreadOut Spread Out a Vector of Numbers To a Minimum Interval
PlotCashFlow Cash Flow Plot
MosesTest Moses Test of Extreme Reactions
TextToTable Converts String To a Table
TOne Create Table One Describing Baseline Characteristics
StrTrunc Truncate Strings and Add Ellipses If a String is Truncated.
SaveAs Saves an R Object Under a Different Name
SiegelTukeyTest Siegel-Tukey Test For Equality In Variability
PlotCirc Plot Circular Plot
TheilU Theil's U Index of Inequality
%nin% Find Matching (or Non-Matching) Elements
ToWrdB Send Objects to Word and Bookmark Them
SampleTwins Sample Twins
VecRot Vector Rotation (Shift Elements)
RobScale Robust Scaling With Median and Mad
ToWrd Send Objects to Word
SignTest Sign Test
UncertCoef Uncertainty Coefficient
VarTest ChiSquare Test for One Variance and F Test to Compare Two Variances
WrdCaption Insert Caption to Word
VonNeumannTest Von Neumann's Successive Difference Test
StrAlign String Alignment
StrLeft, StrRight Returns the Left Or the Right Part Of a String
StrDist Compute Distances Between Strings
WrdMergeCells Merges Cells Of a Defined Word Table Range
StrCap Capitalize the First Letter of a String
Vigenere Vigenere Cypher
UnirootAll Finds many (all) roots of one equation within an interval
StrExtract Extract Part of a String
WrdCellRange Return the Cell Range Of a Word Table
WrdInsertBookmark Insert a Bookmark, Goto Bookmark and Update the Text of a Bookmark
StuartTauC Stuart \(\tau_{c}\)
ToWrdPlot Send a Plot to Word and Bookmark it
Strata Stratified Sampling
StrSpell Spell a String Using the NATO Phonetic or the Morse Alphabet
ZTest Z Test for Known Population Standard Deviation
ZeroIfNA Replace NAs by 0
PlotMarDens Scatterplot With Marginal Densities
SysInfo System Information
StrVal Extract All Numeric Values From a String
PlotVenn Plot a Venn Diagram
PlotMiss Plot Missing Data
TitleRect Plot Boxed Annotation Data diamonds
PtInPoly Point in Polygon
Trim Trim a Vector
VIF Variance Inflation Factors
PlotTreemap Create a Treemap
Quantile Weighted Quantiles
%overlaps% Determines If And How Extensively Two Date Ranges Overlap
d.periodic Periodic Table of Elements
%c% Concatenates Two Strings Without Any Separator
XLDateToPOSIXct Convert Excel Dates to POSIXct
d.countries ISO 3166-1 Country Codes
ToLong, ToWide Reshape a Vector From Long to Wide Shape Or Vice Versa
WrdTableBorders Draw Borders to a Word Table
Rename Change Names of a Named Object
axTicks.POSIXct Compute Axis Tickmark Locations (For POSIXct Axis)
Var Variance
VarCI Confidence Intervals for the Variance
Winsorize Winsorize (Replace Extreme Values by Less Extreme Ones) Build-in Constants Extension
VanWaerdenTest van der Waerden Test
WithOptions Execute Function with Temporary Options
RgbToCol Find the Nearest Named R-Color to a Given RGB-Color
reorder.factor Reorder the Levels of a Factor
WrdStyle Get or Set the Style in Word
identify.formula Identify Points In a Plot Using a Formula
as.matrix.xtabs Convert xtabs To matrix
WrdParagraphFormat Get or Set the Paragraph Format in Word
Zodiac Calculate the Zodiac of a Date
Stamp Date/Time/Directory Stamp the Current Plot
WrdPageBreak Insert a Page Break Data pizza
SplitAt Split a Vector Into Several Pieces at Given Positions
WrdTable Insert a Table in a Word Document
RndPairs Create Pairs of Correlated Random Numbers
StripAttr Remove Attributes from an Object
wdConst Word VBA Constants
d.whisky Classification of Scotch Single Malts
StrPad Pad a String With Justification
SpearmanRho Spearman Rank Correlation
StuartMaxwellTest Stuart-Maxwell Marginal Homogeneity Test
StrIsNumeric Does a String Contain Only Numeric Data
Untable Recover Original Data From Contingency Table
StdCoef Standardized Model Coefficients
matpow Matrix Power
WrdFormatCells Format Cells Of a Word Table
XLView Use MS-Excel as Viewer for a Data.Frame
lines.loess Add a Loess or a Spline Smoother
lines.lm Add a Linear Regression Line
Unwhich Inverse Which
YuenTTest Yuen t-Test For Trimmed Means
WrdFont Get or Set the Font in Word
%like% Like Operator
power.chisq.test Power Calculations for ChiSquared Tests
split.formula Formula Interface for Split
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Type Package
Date 2020-05-22
LinkingTo Rcpp, BH
License GPL (>= 2)
LazyLoad yes
LazyData yes
SystemRequirements C++11
RoxygenNote 6.1.1
Encoding UTF-8
NeedsCompilation yes
VignetteBuilder R.rsp
Packaged 2020-05-22 18:15:10 UTC; andri
Repository CRAN
Date/Publication 2020-05-23 05:10:09 UTC
depends base , R (>= 3.6.0) , stats
linkingto BH
imports boot , expm , graphics , grDevices , MASS , methods , mvtnorm , Rcpp (>= 0.12.10) , rstudioapi , utils
suggests R.rsp , RDCOMClient , tcltk , VGAM
Contributors David Mitchell, Kamil Barton, Stephane Champely, Leanne Chhay, Markus Huerzeler, Daniel Malter, Yongyi Min, Markus Naepflin, Michael Smithson, Yves Tille, Stefan Wellek, Detlew Labes, Friederich Leisch, George Marsaglia, John Marsaglia, Nanina Anderegg, Clint Cummins, Dong Li, Hong Ooi, Pete Hurd, Matthias Kohl, Bill Venables, David Meyer, Romain Francois, Dirk Eddelbuettel, Kevin Ushey, Ben Bolker, Jim Lemon, John Verzani, Tony Plate, Michael Friendly, Richard Heiberger, Torsten Hothorn, Achim Zeileis, Hadley Wickham, Klaus Nordhausen, Terry Therneau, Joshua Ulrich, Nick Parsons, Tal Galili, Sandrine Pavoine, Ken Aho, Luis Torgo, Max Kuhn, Jeremy VanDerWal, Brian D. Ripley, John Fox, Michael Dewey, Greg Snow, Andreas Alfons, Charles Dupont, Peter Wolf, Alec Stephenson, Arni Magnusson, Tyler Rinker, Michael Hoehle, Karline Soetaert, Gabor Grothendieck, Henric Nilsson, Derek Ogle, Matthias Templ, Giovanni Millo, Kamil Erguler, Martin Maechler, Tomas Aragon, Antti Arppe, Adrian Baddeley, Frederico Caeiro, Daniel Chessel, Stephane Dray, Jeff Enos, Claus Ekstrom, Martin Elff, Matthias Gamer, Juergen Gross, Mikko Korpela, Alina Matei, Weiwen Miao, Daniel Navarro, Roland Rapold, William Revelle, Caroline Rodriguez, Mark Stevenson, Adrian Trapletti, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Thomas Yee, Gregory R. Warnes, Duncan Temple Lang, Christopher Jackson, Venkatraman E. Seshan, Richard W. Farebrother, Nathan Russell, Nick Sabbe, Joseph L. Gastwirth, Yulia R. Gel, Joseph Wood, Vilmantas Gegzna, Soeren Hojsgaard, Franziska Mueller, Ying Wu, Hans W. Borchers, Harold C. Doran, Frank E. Harrell Jr, Christian W. Hoffmann, Wallace W. Hui, Rob J. Hyndman, Pablo J. Villacorta Iglesias, Werner A. Stahel, Ralf Stubner, Rand R. Wilcox

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