scalingFun1d

0th

Percentile

Scaling 1-dimensional function

Parametric transformation of the input space variable. The transformation is obtained coordinatewise by integrating piecewise affine marginal "density" parametrized by a vector of knots and a matrix of density values at the knots. See references for more detail.

Keywords
models
Usage
scalingFun1d(x, knots, eta)
Arguments
x

an n matrix standing for a design of n experiments

knots

a list of knots parametrizing the transformation.

eta

a list of coefficients parametrizing the marginal transformation. Each element stands for a set of marginal density values at the knots defined above.

Value

The image of x by a scaling transformation of parameters knots and eta

References

Y. Xiong, W. Chen, D. Apley, and X. Ding (2007), Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng, A non-stationary covariance-based Kriging method for metamodelling in engineering design.

See Also

scalingFun

Aliases
  • scalingFun1d
Examples
# NOT RUN {
## 1D Transform of Xiong et al.
knots <- c(0, 0.3, 0.8, 1); eta <- c(2, 0.4, 1.4, 1.1)
nk <- length(knots)
t <- seq(from = 0, to = 1, length = 200)
f <- scalingFun1d(x = matrix(t), knots = knots, eta = eta)

## for text positions only
itext <- round(length(t) * 0.7)
xtext <- t[itext]; ftext <- f[itext] / 2; etamax <- max(eta)

## plot the transform function
opar <- par(mfrow = c(2, 1))
par(mar = c(0, 4, 5, 4))
plot(x = t, y = f, type = "l", lwd = 2, col = "orangered",
     main = "scaling transform f(x) and density g(x)",
     xlab = "", ylab = "", xaxt = "n", yaxt = "n")
axis(side = 4)
abline(v = knots, lty = "dotted"); abline(h = 0)
text(x = xtext, y = ftext, cex = 1.4,
     labels = expression(f(x) == integral(g(t)*dt, 0, x)))

## plot the density function, which is piecewise linear
scalingDens1d <- approxfun(x = knots, y = eta)
g <- scalingDens1d(t)
gtext <- 0.5 * g[itext] + 0.6 * etamax
par(mar = c(5, 4, 0, 4))
plot(t, g, type = "l", lwd = 2, ylim = c(0, etamax * 1.2),
     col = "SpringGreen4", xlab = expression(x), ylab ="")
abline(v = knots, lty = "dotted")
lines(x = knots, y = eta, lty = 1, lwd = 2, type = "h", col = "SpringGreen4")
abline(h = 0)
text(x = 0.7, y = gtext, cex = 1.4, labels = expression(g(x)))

## show knots with math symbols eta, zeta
for (i in 1:nk) {
  text(x = knots[i], y = eta[i] + 0.12 * etamax, cex = 1.4,
       labels = substitute(eta[i], list(i = i)))
  mtext(side = 1, cex = 1.4, at = knots[i], line = 2.4,
        text = substitute(zeta[i], list(i = i)))
}
polygon(x = c(knots, knots[nk], knots[1]),  y = c(eta, 0, 0),
        density = 15, angle = 45, col = "SpringGreen", border = NA)
par(opar)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package DiceKriging, version 1.5.6, License: GPL-2 | GPL-3

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