ET.Turc

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Turc Formulation

Implementing the Turc formulation for estimating reference crop evapotranspiration.

Keywords
evapotranspiration, reference crop evapotranspiration, Turc
Usage
# S3 method for Turc
ET(data, constants, ts="daily", solar="sunshine hours", humid= F, …)
Arguments
data

A list of data which contains the following items (climate variables) required by Turc formulation: Tmax, Tmin, Rs or n or Cd

constants

A list named constants consists of constants required for the calculation of Turc formulation which must contain the following items: Elev - ground elevation above mean sea level in m, lambda - latent heat of vaporisation = 2.45 MJ.kg^-1, lat_rad - latitude in radians, Gsc - solar constant = 0.0820 MJ.m^-2.min^-1, sigma - Stefan-Boltzmann constant = 4.903*10^-9 MJ.K^-4.m^-2.day^-1.

The following constants are also required when argument solar has value of sunshine hours: as - fraction of extraterrestrial radiation reaching earth on sunless days, bs - difference between fracion of extraterrestrial radiation reaching full-sun days and that on sunless days.

ts

Must be either daily, monthly or annual, which indicates the disired time step that the output ET estimates should be on. Default is daily.

solar

Must be either data, sunshine hours, cloud or monthly precipitation: data indicates that solar radiation data is to be used directly for calculating evapotranspiration; sunshine hours indicates that solar radiation is to be calculated using the real data of sunshine hours; cloud sunshine hours is to be estimated from cloud data; monthly precipitation indicates that solar radiation is to be calculated directly from monthly precipitation. Default is sunshine hours.

humid

Must be T or F, indicating if adjustment for non-humid conditions is applied in Turc formulation (Alexandris et al., 2008, Equation 5b). Default is F for no adjustment.

Dummy for generic function, no need to define.

Details

The alternative calculation options can be selected through argument solar, please see Arguments for details. Humidity adjustment for the estimations is available through argument humid, please see Arguments for details.

Value

The function prints a calculation summary to the screen containing the following elements: - ET model name and ET quantity estimated - Evaporative surface - Option for calculating solar radiation (i.e. the value of argument solar) - if adjustment for non-humid conditions has been applied (i.e. the value of argument humid) - Time step of the output ET estimates (i.e. the value of argument ts) - Units of the output ET estimates - Time duration of the ET estimation - Number of ET estimates obtained in the entire time-series - Basic statistics of the estimated ET time-series including mean, max and min values.

The function also generates a list containing the following components, which is saved into a csv file named as ET_Turc.csv in the working directory:

ET.Daily

Daily aggregated estimations of Turc reference crop evapotranspiration.

ET.Monthly

Monthly aggregated estimations of Turc reference crop evapotranspiration.

ET.Annual

Annually aggregated estimations of Turc reference crop evapotranspiration.

ET.MonthlyAve

Monthly averaged estimations of daily Turc reference crop evapotranspiration.

ET.AnnualAve

Annually averaged estimations of daily Turc reference crop evapotranspiration.

ET_formulation

Name of the formulation used which equals to Turc.

ET_type

Type of the estimation obtained which is Reference Crop Evapotranspiration.

message1

A message to inform the users about how solar radiation has been calculated by using which data.

message4

A message to inform the users about if adjustment for non-humid conditions has been applied to calculated Turc reference crop evapotranspiration.

References

McMahon, T., Peel, M., Lowe, L., Srikanthan, R. & McVicar, T. 2012. Estimating actual, potential, reference crop and pan evaporation using standard meteorological data: a pragmatic synthesis. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 9, 11829-11910.

Turc, L. 1961, Estimation of irrigation water requirements, potential evapotranspiration: a simple climatic formula evolved up to date. Ann. Agron, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 13-49.

Alexandris, S., Stricevic, R.Petkovic, S. 2008, Comparative analysis of reference evapotranspiration from the surface of rainfed grass in central Serbia, calculated by six empirical methods against the Penman-Monteith formula. European Water, vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 17-28.

See Also

ET,data,defaultconstants,constants

Aliases
  • ET.Turc
Examples
# NOT RUN {
# Use processed existing data set and constants from kent Town, Adelaide
data("processeddata")
data("constants")

# Call ET.Turc under the generic function ET
results <- ET.Turc(data, constants, ts="daily", solar="sunshine hours", humid= FALSE)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package Evapotranspiration, version 1.10, License: GPL (>= 2)

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