ET.BrutsaertStrickler

0th

Percentile

Brutsaert-Strickler Formulation

Implementing the Brutsaert-Strickler formulation for actual areal evapotranspiration

Keywords
evapotranspiration, actual areal evapotranspiration, Brutsaert-Strickler
Usage
# S3 method for BrutsaertStrickler
ET(data, constants, ts="daily", solar="sunshine hours", alpha=0.23,
message="yes", AdditionalStats="yes", save.csv="yes", …)
Arguments
data

A list of data which contains the following items (climate variables) required by Brutsaert-Strickler formulation: Tmax, Tmin (degree Celcius), RHmax, RHmin (per cent), Rs (Megajoules per sqm) or n (hour) or Cd (okta), u2 or uz (meter per second)

constants

A list named constants consists of constants required for the calculation of Brutsaert-Strickler formulation which must contain the following items: Elev - ground elevation above mean sea level in m, lambda - latent heat of vaporisation = 2.45 MJ.kg^-1, lat_rad - latitude in radians, Gsc - solar constant = 0.0820 MJ.m^-2.min^-1, z - height of wind instrument in m, sigma - Stefan-Boltzmann constant = 4.903*10^-9 MJ.K^-4.m^-2.day^-1.

The following constants are also required when argument solar has value of sunshine hours: as - fraction of extraterrestrial radiation reaching earth on sunless days, bs - difference between fracion of extraterrestrial radiation reaching full-sun days and that on sunless days.

ts

Must be either daily, monthly or annual, which indicates the disired time step that the output ET estimates should be on. Default is daily.

solar

Must be either data, sunshine hours, cloud or monthly precipitation: data indicates that solar radiation data is to be used directly for calculating evapotranspiration; sunshine hours indicates that solar radiation is to be calculated using the real data of sunshine hours; cloud sunshine hours is to be estimated from cloud data; monthly precipitation indicates that solar radiation is to be calculated directly from monthly precipitation. Default is sunshine hours.

alpha

Any numeric value between 0 and 1 (dimensionless), albedo of the evaporative surface representing the portion of the incident radiation that is reflected back at the surface. Default is 0.23 for surface covered with short reference crop.

message

Must be either yes or no, indicating whether message should be printed for calculation summary including the following elements: - ET model name and ET quantity estimated - Evaporative surface with values of albedo, surface resistance, crop height and roughness height - Option for calculating solar radiation (i.e. the value of argument solar) - Time step of the output ET estimates (i.e. the value of argument ts) - Units of the output ET estimates - Time duration of the ET estimation - Number of ET estimates obtained in the entire time-series - Basic statistics of the estimated ET time-series including mean, max and min values

AdditionalStats

"yes" or "no" indicating whether monthly averaged and annual averaged ET should be calculated.

save.csv

Must be either yes or no, indicating whether a .csv of ET estimates should be saved to working directory.

Dummy for generic function, no need to define.

Details

The alternative calculation options can be selected through argument solar, please see Arguments for details. User-defined evaporative surface is allowed through argument alpha, please see Arguments for details.

Value

The function also generates a list containing the following components:

ET.Daily

Daily aggregated estimations of Brutsaert-Strickler actual areal evapotranspiration.

ET.Monthly

Monthly aggregated estimations of Brutsaert-Strickler actual areal evapotranspiration.

ET.Annual

Annually aggregated estimations of Brutsaert-Strickler actual areal evapotranspiration.

ET.MonthlyAve

Monthly averaged estimations of daily Brutsaert-Strickler actual areal evapotranspiration.

ET.AnnualAve

Annually averaged estimations of daily Brutsaert-Strickler actual areal evapotranspiration.

ET_formulation

Name of the formulation used which equals to Brutsaert-Strickler.

ET_type

Type of the estimation obtained which is Actual Areal Evapotranspiration.

message1

A message to inform the users about how solar radiation has been calculated by using which data.

References

McMahon, T., Peel, M., Lowe, L., Srikanthan, R. & McVicar, T. 2012. Estimating actual, potential, reference crop and pan evaporation using standard meteorological data: a pragmatic synthesis. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 9, 11829-11910.

See Also

ET,data,defaultconstants,constants

Aliases
  • ET.BrutsaertStrickler
Examples
# NOT RUN {
# Use processed existing data set and constants from kent Town, Adelaide
data("processeddata")
data("constants")

# Call ET.BrutsaertStrickler under the generic function ET
results <- ET.BrutsaertStrickler(data, constants, ts="daily", solar="sunshine hours", 
alpha=0.23, message="yes", AdditionalStats="yes", save.csv="yes")
# }
Documentation reproduced from package Evapotranspiration, version 1.14, License: GPL (>= 2)

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