FactoMineR (version 2.4)

HCPC: Hierarchical Clustering on Principle Components (HCPC)


Performs an agglomerative hierarchical clustering on results from a factor analysis. It is possible to cut the tree by clicking at the suggested (or an other) level. Results include paragons, description of the clusters, graphics.


HCPC(res, nb.clust=0, consol=TRUE, iter.max=10, min=3, 
  max=NULL, metric="euclidean", method="ward", order=TRUE,
  graph.scale="inertia", nb.par=5, graph=TRUE, proba=0.05, 



Either the result of a factor analysis or a dataframe.


an integer. If 0, the tree is cut at the level the user clicks on. If -1, the tree is automatically cut at the suggested level (see details). If a (positive) integer, the tree is cut with nb.cluters clusters.


a boolean. If TRUE, a k-means consolidation is performed (consolidation cannot be performed if kk is used and equals a number).


An integer. The maximum number of iterations for the consolidation.


an integer. The least possible number of clusters suggested.


an integer. The higher possible number of clusters suggested; by default the minimum between 10 and the number of individuals divided by 2.


The metric used to built the tree. See agnes for details.


The method used to built the tree. See agnes for details.


A boolean. If TRUE, clusters are ordered following their center coordinate on the first axis.


A character string. By default "inertia" and the height of the tree corresponds to the inertia gain, else "sqrt-inertia" the square root of the inertia gain.


An integer. The number of edited paragons.


If TRUE, graphics are displayed. If FALSE, no graph are displayed.


The probability used to select axes and variables in catdes (see catdes for details.


A string equals to "rows" or "columns" for the clustering of Correspondence Analysis results.


An integer corresponding to the number of clusters used in a Kmeans preprocessing before the hierarchical clustering; the top of the hierarchical tree is then constructed from this partition. This is very useful if the number of individuals is high. Note that consolidation cannot be performed if kk is different from Inf and some graphics are not drawn. Inf is used by default and no preprocessing is done, all the graphical outputs are then given.


boolean; if TRUE the clusters are characterized by the variables and the dimensions

Other arguments from other methods.


Returns a list including:


The original data with a supplementary column called clust containing the partition.


The description of the classes by the variables. See catdes for details or descfreq if clustering is performed on CA results.


The description of the classes by the factors (axes). See catdes for details.


A list or parameters and internal objects. call$t gives the results for the hierarchical tree; call$bw.before.consol and call$bw.after.consol give the between inertia before consolidation (i.e. for the clustering obtained from the hierarchical tree) and after the consolidation with Kmeans.


The paragons (para) and the more typical individuals of each cluster. See details.

Returns the tree and a barplot of the inertia gains, the individual factor map with the tree (3D), the factor map with individuals coloured by cluster (2D).


The function first built a hierarchical tree. Then the sum of the within-cluster inertia are calculated for each partition. The suggested partition is the one with the higher relative loss of inertia (i(clusters n+1)/i(cluster n)).

The absolute loss of inertia (i(cluster n)-i(cluster n+1)) is plotted with the tree.

If the ascending clustering is constructed from a data-frame with a lot of rows (individuals), it is possible to first perform a partition with kk clusters and then construct the tree from the (weighted) kk clusters.

See Also

plot.HCPC, catdes, Video showing how to perform clustering with FactoMineR


# Principal Component Analysis:
res.pca <- PCA(iris[,1:4], graph=FALSE)
# Clustering, auto nb of clusters:
hc <- HCPC(res.pca, nb.clust=-1)

### Construct a hierarchical tree from a partition (with 10 clusters)
### (useful when the number of individuals is very important)
hc2 <- HCPC(iris[,1:4], kk=10, nb.clust=-1)

## Graphical interface
res <- Factoshiny(iris[,1:4])
# }