# ordcont

0th

Percentile

##### Computing the "intermediate" correlation matrix for the multivariate standard normal in order to achieve the "target" correlation matrix for the multivariate discrete variable

The function computes the correlation matrix of the $k$-dimensional standard normal r.v. yielding the desired correlation matrix Sigma for the $k$-dimensional r.v. with desired marginal distributions marginal

Keywords
multivariate, models, distribution, htest, datagen
##### Usage
ordcont(marginal, Sigma, support = list(), Spearman = FALSE,
epsilon = 1e-06, maxit = 100)
##### Arguments
marginal
a list of $k$ elements, where $k$ is the number of variables. The $i$-th element of marginal is the vector of the cumulative probabilities defining the marginal distribution of the $i$-th component of the multivariate variable. If the $i$-th component can take $k_i$ values, the $i$-th element of marginal will contain $k_i-1$ probabilities (the $k_i$-th is obviously 1 and shall not be included).
Sigma
the target correlation matrix of the discrete variables
support
a list of $k$ elements, where $k$ is the number of variables. The $i$-th element of support is the vector containing the ordered values of the support of the $i$-th variable. By default, the support of the $i$-th variable is $1,2,...,k_i$
Spearman
if TRUE, the function finds Spearman's correlations (and it is not necessary to provide support), if FALSE (default) Pearson's correlations
epsilon
the maximum tolerated error between target and actual correlations
maxit
the maximum number of iterations allowed for the algorithm
##### Value

a list of five elements
SigmaC
the correlation matrix of the multivariate standard normal variable
SigmaO
the actual correlation matrix of the discretized variables (it should approximately coincide with the target correlation matrix Sigma)
Sigma
the target correlation matrix of the discrete variables
niter
a matrix containing the number of iterations performed by the algorithm, one for each pair of variables
maxerr
the actual maximum error (the maximum absolute deviation between actual and target correlations of the discrete variables)

##### Note

For some choices of marginal and Sigma, there may not exist a feasible $k$-variate probability mass function or the algorithm may not provide a feasible correlation matrix SigmaC. In this case, the procedure stops and exits with an error. The value of the maximum tolerated absolute error epsilon on the elements of the correlation matrix for the target r.v. can be set by the user: a value between 1e-6 and 1e-2 seems to be an acceptable compromise assuring both the precision of the results and the convergence of the algorithm; moreover, a maximum number of iterations can be chosen (maxit), in order to avoid possible endless loops

contord, ordsample, corrcheck

• ordcont
##### Examples
# consider a 4-dimensional ordinal variable
k <- 4
# with different number of categories
kj <- c(2,3,4,5)
# and uniform marginal distributions
marginal <- list(0.5, (1:2)/3, (1:3)/4, (1:4)/5)
corrcheck(marginal)
# and the following correlation matrix
Sigma <- matrix(c(1,0.5,0.4,0.3,0.5,1,0.5,0.4,0.4,0.5,1,0.5,0.3,0.4,0.5,1),
4, 4, byrow=TRUE)
Sigma
# the correlation matrix of the standard 4-dimensional standard normal
# ensuring Sigma is
res <- ordcont(marginal, Sigma)
res[]
# change some marginal distributions
marginal <- list(0.3, c(1/3, 2/3), c(1/5, 2/5, 3/5), c(0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6))
corrcheck(marginal)
# and notice how the correlation matrix of the multivariate normal changes...
res <- ordcont(marginal, Sigma)
res[]
# change Sigma, adding a negative correlation
Sigma[1,2] <- -0.2
Sigma[2,1] <- Sigma[1,2]
Sigma
# checking whether Sigma is still positive definite
eigen(Sigma)\$values # all >0, OK
res <- ordcont(marginal, Sigma)
res[]

Documentation reproduced from package GenOrd, version 1.4.0, License: GPL

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