GenomicFeatures (version 1.24.4)

transcripts: Extract genomic features from an object


Generic functions to extract genomic features from an object. This page documents the methods for TxDb objects only.


transcripts(x, ...) "transcripts"(x, columns=c("tx_id", "tx_name"), filter=NULL, vals=NULL)
exons(x, ...) "exons"(x, columns="exon_id", filter=NULL, vals=NULL)
cds(x, ...) "cds"(x, columns="cds_id", filter=NULL, vals=NULL)
genes(x, ...) "genes"(x, columns="gene_id", filter=NULL, vals=NULL, single.strand.genes.only=TRUE)
"promoters"(x, upstream=2000, downstream=200, ...)


A TxDb object.
For the transcripts, exons, cds, and genes generic functions: arguments to be passed to methods.

For the promoters method for TxDb objects: arguments to be passed to the internal call to transcripts.

Columns to include in the output. Must be NULL or a character vector as given by the columns method. With the following restrictions:
  • "TXCHROM" and "TXSTRAND" are not allowed for transcripts.
  • "EXONCHROM" and "EXONSTRAND" are not allowed for exons.
  • "CDSCHROM" and "CDSSTRAND" are not allowed for cds.

If the vector is named, those names are used for the corresponding column in the element metadata of the returned object.

Either NULL or a named list of vectors to be used to restrict the output. Valid names for this list are: "gene_id", "tx_id", "tx_name", "tx_chrom", "tx_strand", "exon_id", "exon_name", "exon_chrom", "exon_strand", "cds_id", "cds_name", "cds_chrom", "cds_strand" and "exon_rank".
Deprecated. Please use the filter argument instead.
TRUE or FALSE. If TRUE (the default), then genes that have exons located on both strands of the same chromosome or on two different chromosomes are dropped. In that case, the genes are returned in a GRanges object. Otherwise, all genes are returned in a GRangesList object with the columns specified thru the columns argument set as top level metadata columns. (Please keep in mind that the top level metadata columns of a GRangesList object are not displayed by the show method.)
For promoters : An integer(1) value indicating the number of bases upstream from the transcription start site. For additional details see ?`promoters,GRanges-method`.
For promoters : An integer(1) value indicating the number of bases downstream from the transcription start site. For additional details see ?`promoters,GRanges-method`.


A GRanges object. The only exception being when genes is used with single.strand.genes.only=FALSE, in which case a GRangesList object is returned.


These are the main functions for extracting transcript information from a TxDb object. These methods can restrict the output based on categorical information. To restrict the output based on interval information, use the transcriptsByOverlaps, exonsByOverlaps, and cdsByOverlaps functions.

The promoters function computes user-defined promoter regions for the transcripts in a TxDb object. The return object is a GRanges of promoter regions around the transcription start site the span of which is defined by upstream and downstream. For additional details on how the promoter range is computed and the handling of + and - strands see ?`promoters,GRanges-method`.

See Also


Run this code
txdb_file <- system.file("extdata", "hg19_knownGene_sample.sqlite",
txdb <- loadDb(txdb_file)

## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
## transcripts()
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------

tx <- transcripts(txdb)

## A sanity check:
stopifnot(identical(mcols(tx)$tx_id, seq_along(tx)))

filter <- list(tx_chrom = c("chr3", "chr5"), tx_strand = "+")
transcripts(txdb, filter=filter)

## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
## exons()
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------

exons(txdb, columns=c("EXONID", "TXNAME"),
exons(txdb, columns=c("EXONID", "TXNAME"),

## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
## genes()
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------

genes(txdb)  # a GRanges object
cols <- c("tx_id", "tx_chrom", "tx_strand",
          "exon_id", "exon_chrom", "exon_strand")
single_strand_genes <- genes(txdb, columns=cols)

## Because we've returned single strand genes only, the "tx_chrom"
## and "exon_chrom" metadata columns are guaranteed to match
## 'seqnames(single_strand_genes)':
## and also the "tx_strand" and "exon_strand" metadata columns are
## guaranteed to match 'strand(single_strand_genes)':

all_genes <- genes(txdb, columns=cols, single.strand.genes.only=FALSE)
all_genes  # a GRangesList object
multiple_strand_genes <- all_genes[elementNROWS(all_genes) >= 2]

## ---------------------------------------------------------------------
## promoters()
## ---------------------------------------------------------------------

## This:
promoters(txdb, upstream=100, downstream=50)
## is equivalent to:
promoters(transcripts(txdb), upstream=100, downstream=50)

## Extra arguments are passed to transcripts(). So this:
promoters(txdb, upstream=100, downstream=50,
          columns=c("tx_name", "gene_id"))
## is equivalent to:
promoters(transcripts(txdb, columns=c("tx_name", "gene_id")),
          upstream=100, downstream=50)

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