odds.ratio

0th

Percentile

Calculate or plot the odds ratio for a 2x2 table of counts.

Calculate or plot the odds ratio for a 2x2 table of counts. The plot shows the confidence intervals on the probability of row2 for fixed odds ratio and specified probability for row1.

Keywords
hplot, htest
Usage
odds.ratio(x, alpha = 0.05)

plot.odds.ratio(x,
 ylab = "prob(col1 | row1)", xlab = "prob(col1 | row2)",
 alpha = c(0.05, 0.5),
 legend.x=1.05,
 oma=c(0,0,0,5), ...)
Arguments
x
2 x 2 table of counts
alpha
Significance levels of test. odds.ratio requires a single number in the range [0,1]. plot.odds.ratio accepts more than one number on the range [0,1] and draws confidence lines at each value.
xlab, ylab
x- and y-labels for the plot. Sensible defaults are generated.
...
other arguments, currently ignored.
legend.x
x position of left-hand side of legend.
oma
outer margin par()$oma, needed to make room for legend.
Value

  • plot.odds.ratio draws a plot and invisibly returns the same list as odds.ratio for the first value of alpha. odds.ratio returns the list:
  • p1, p2proportion of each row total observed in the first column.
  • omega1, omega2odds for each row, p/(1-p)
  • psihatodds ratio, omega2/omega1
  • s.ln.psihatstandard deviation of ln(psihat)
  • ci.ln.psihatconfidence interval for ln(psihat) using normal approximation
  • ci.psihatconfidence interval for psihat calculated ase p(ci.ln.psihat)
  • prob1seq(0,1,.05), set of p1 values for plotting.
  • odds1p1/(1-p1)
  • odds2odds for the second row needed to retain psihat with the specified odds1, calculated as odds1*psihat.
  • ci.odds2confidence interval for odds2
  • prob2odds2 / (odds2+1)
  • ci.prob2ci.odds2 / (ci.odds2+1)

References

Heiberger, Richard~M. and Holland, Burt (2004b). Statistical Analysis and Data Display: An Intermediate Course with Examples in S-Plus, R, and SAS. Springer Texts in Statistics. Springer. ISBN 0-387-40270-5.

Aliases
  • odds.ratio
  • plot.odds.ratio
Examples
glasses <- read.table(hh("datasets/glasses.dat"), header=FALSE)

glasses <- matrix(unlist(glasses),
                  nrow=2,
                  dimnames=list(
                    c("glasses","no.glasses"),
                    c("delinq","non.del")))


## draw the iso-odds ratio plot with 50\% CI and 95\% CI,
## invisibly return the 95\% CI
plot.odds.ratio(glasses)
Documentation reproduced from package HH, version 1.8, License: GPL version 2 or newer

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