`format.df`

does appropriate rounding and decimal alignment, and outputs
a character matrix containing the formatted data. If `x`

is a
`data.frame`

, then do each component separately.
If `x`

is a matrix, but not a data.frame, make it a data.frame
with individual components for the columns.
If a component `x$x`

is a matrix, then do all columns the same.

```
format.df(x, digits, dec=NULL, rdec=NULL, cdec=NULL,
numeric.dollar=!dcolumn, na.blank=FALSE, na.dot=FALSE,
blank.dot=FALSE, col.just=NULL, cdot=FALSE,
dcolumn=FALSE, matrix.sep=' ', scientific=c(-4,4),
math.row.names=FALSE, already.math.row.names=FALSE,
math.col.names=FALSE, already.math.col.names=FALSE,
double.slash=FALSE, format.Date="%m/%d/%Y",
format.POSIXt="%m/%d/%Y %H:%M:%OS", ...)
```

a character matrix with character images of properly rounded `x`

.
Matrix components of input `x`

are now just sets of columns of
character matrix.
Object attribute`"col.just"`

repeats the value of the argument `col.just`

when provided,
otherwise, it includes the recommended justification for columns of output.
See the discussion of the argument `col.just`

.
The default justification is `l` for characters and factors,

`r` for numeric.
When `dcolumn==TRUE`

, numerics will have `.` as the justification character.

- x
a matrix (usually numeric) or data frame

- digits
causes all values in the table to be formatted to

`digits`

significant digits.`dec`

is usually preferred.- dec
If

`dec`

is a scalar, all elements of the matrix will be rounded to`dec`

decimal places to the right of the decimal.`dec`

can also be a matrix whose elements correspond to`x`

, for customized rounding of each element. A matrix`dec`

must have number of columns equal to number of columns of input`x`

. A scalar`dec`

is expanded to a vector`cdec`

with number of items equal to number of columns of input`x`

.- rdec
a vector specifying the number of decimal places to the right for each row (

`cdec`

is more commonly used than`rdec`

) A vector`rdec`

must have number of items equal to number of rows of input`x`

.`rdec`

is expanded to matrix`dec`

.- cdec
a vector specifying the number of decimal places for each column. The vector must have number of items equal to number of columns or components of input x.

- cdot
Set to

`TRUE`

to use centered dots rather than ordinary periods in numbers. The output uses a syntax appropriate for`latex`

.- na.blank
Set to

`TRUE`

to use blanks rather than`NA`

for missing values. This usually looks better in`latex`

.- dcolumn
Set to

`TRUE`

to use David Carlisle's dcolumn style for decimal alignment in`latex`

. Default is`FALSE`

. You will probably want to use`dcolumn`

if you use`rdec`

, as a column may then contain varying number of places to the right of the decimal.`dcolumn`

can line up all such numbers on the decimal point, with integer values right justified at the decimal point location of numbers that actually contain decimal places. When you use`dcolumn = TRUE`

,`numeric.dollar`

is set by default to`FALSE`

. When you use`dcolumn = TRUE`

, the object attribute`"style"`

set to`dcolumn`as the`latex`

`usepackage`

must reference`[dcolumn]`

. The three files`dcolumn.sty`

,`newarray.sty`

, and`array.sty`

will need to be in a directory in your`TEXINPUTS`

path. When you use`dcolumn=TRUE`

,`numeric.dollar`

should be set to`FALSE`

.- numeric.dollar
logical, default

`!dcolumn`

. Set to`TRUE`

to place dollar signs around numeric values when`dcolumn = FALSE`

. This assures that`latex`

will use minus signs rather than hyphens to indicate negative numbers. Set to`FALSE`

when`dcolumn = TRUE`

, as`dcolumn.sty`

automatically uses minus signs.- math.row.names
logical, set true to place dollar signs around the row names.

- already.math.row.names
set to

`TRUE`

to prevent any math mode changes to row names- math.col.names
logical, set true to place dollar signs around the column names.

- already.math.col.names
set to

`TRUE`

to prevent any math mode changes to column names- na.dot
Set to

`TRUE`

to use periods rather than`NA`

for missing numeric values. This works with the SAS convention that periods indicate missing values.- blank.dot
Set to

`TRUE`

to use periods rather than blanks for missing character values. This works with the SAS convention that periods indicate missing values.- col.just
Input vector

`col.just`

must have number of columns equal to number of columns of the output matrix. When`NULL`

, the default, the`col.just`

attribute of the result is set to`l`for character columns and to`r`for numeric columns. The user can override the default by an argument vector whose length is equal to the number of columns of the result matrix. When`format.df`

is called by`latex.default`

, the`col.just`

is used as the`cols`

argument to the`tabular`

environment and the letters`l`,`r`, and`c`are valid values. When`format.df`

is called by SAS, the`col.just`

is used to determine whether a`\$`is needed on the`input`line of the`sysin`

file, and the letters`l`and`r`are valid values. You can pass specifications other than`l,r,c`

in`col.just`

, e.g.,`"p{3in}"`

to get paragraph-formatted columns from`latex()`

.- matrix.sep
When

`x`

is a data frame containing a matrix, so that new column names are constructed from the name of the matrix object and the names of the individual columns of the matrix,`matrix.sep`

specifies the character to use to separate object names from individual column names.- scientific
specifies ranges of exponents (or a logical vector) specifying values not to convert to scientific notation. See

`format.default`

for details.- double.slash
should escaping backslashes be themselves escaped.

- format.Date
String used to format objects of the Date class.

- format.POSIXt
String used to format objects of the POSIXt class.

- ...
other arguments are accepted and passed to

`format.default`

. For`latexVerbatim`

these arguments are passed to the`print`

function.

Frank E. Harrell, Jr.,

Department of Biostatistics,

Vanderbilt University,

fh@fharrell.com

Richard M. Heiberger,

Department of Statistics,

Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

rmh@temple.edu

`latex`

```
if (FALSE) {
x <- data.frame(a=1:2, b=3:4)
x$m <- 10000*matrix(5:8,nrow=2)
names(x)
dim(x)
x
format.df(x, big.mark=",")
dim(format.df(x))
}
```

Run the code above in your browser using DataLab