JointAI: Joint Analysis and Imputation of Incomplete Data

The package JointAI provides functionality to perform joint analysis and imputation of a range of model types in the Bayesian framework. Implemented are (generalized) linear regression models and extensions thereof, models for (un-/ordered) categorical data, as well as multi-level (mixed) versions of these model types.

Moreover, survival models and joint models for longitudinal and survival data are available. It is also possible to fit multiple models of mixed types simultaneously. Missing values in (if present) will be imputed automatically.

JointAI performs some preprocessing of the data and creates a JAGS model, which will then automatically be passed to JAGS with the help of the R package rjags.

Besides the main modelling functions, JointAI also provides a number of functions to summarize and visualize results and incomplete data.

Installation

JointAI can be installed from CRAN:

install.packages('JointAI')

Alternatively, you can install JointAI from GitHub:

# install.packages("remotes")
remotes::install_github("NErler/JointAI")

Main functions

JointAI provides the following main functions:

lm_imp()                 # linear regression
glm_imp()                # generalized linear regression
clm_imp()                # cumulative logit model
mlogit_imp()             # multinomial logit model
lognorm_imp()            # log-normal regression
betareg_imp()            # beta regression
lme_imp() / lmer_imp()   # linear mixed model
glme_imp() / glmer_imp() # generalized linear mixed model
clmm_imp()               # cumulative logit mixed model
mlogitmm_imp()           # multinomial logit model
lognormmm_imp()          # log-normal regression
betamm_imp()             # beta regression
survreg_imp()            # parametric (Weibull) survival model
coxph_imp()              # proportional hazards survival model
JM_imp()                 # joint model for longitudinal and survival data

The functions use specification similar to that of well known standard functions like lm() and glm() from base R, nlme::lme() (from the package nlme) , lme4::lmer() or lme4::glmer() (from the package lme4) and survival::survreg() and survival::coxph() (from the package survival).

Functions summary(), coef(), traceplot() and densplot() provide a summary of the posterior distribution and its visualization.

GR_crit() and MC_error() implement the Gelman-Rubin diagnostic for convergence and the Monte Carlo error of the MCMC sample, respectively.

JointAI also provides functions for exploration of the distribution of the data and missing values, export of imputed values and prediction.

Minimal Example

Visualize the observed data and missing data pattern

library(JointAI)

plot_all(NHANES[c(1, 5:6, 8:12)], fill = '#D10E3B', border = '#460E1B', ncol = 4, breaks = 30)
md_pattern(NHANES, color = c('#460E1B', '#D10E3B'))

Fit a linear regression model with incomplete covariates

lm1 <- lm_imp(SBP ~ gender + age + WC + alc + educ + bili,
              data = NHANES, n.iter = 500, progress.bar = 'none', seed = 2020)

Visualize the MCMC sample

traceplot(lm1, col = c('#d4af37', '#460E1B', '#D10E3B'), ncol = 4)
densplot(lm1, col = c('#d4af37', '#460E1B', '#D10E3B'), ncol = 4, lwd = 2)

Summarize the Result

summary(lm1)
#> 
#> Bayesian linear model fitted with JointAI
#> 
#> Call:
#> lm_imp(formula = SBP ~ gender + age + WC + alc + educ + bili, 
#>     data = NHANES, n.iter = 500, seed = 2020, progress.bar = "none")
#> 
#> 
#> Posterior summary:
#>                Mean     SD    2.5%   97.5% tail-prob. GR-crit MCE/SD
#> (Intercept)  87.984 9.0412  70.110 107.092    0.00000    1.00 0.0258
#> genderfemale -3.501 2.2488  -8.039   1.059    0.10400    1.00 0.0258
#> age           0.333 0.0713   0.199   0.471    0.00000    1.01 0.0275
#> WC            0.226 0.0757   0.072   0.373    0.00267    1.00 0.0258
#> alc>=1        6.509 2.3290   1.899  10.859    0.01067    1.00 0.0270
#> educhigh     -2.780 2.1237  -6.886   1.248    0.19733    1.00 0.0258
#> bili         -5.173 4.8315 -14.599   4.109    0.28800    1.01 0.0303
#> 
#> Posterior summary of residual std. deviation:
#>           Mean    SD 2.5% 97.5% GR-crit MCE/SD
#> sigma_SBP 13.6 0.739 12.3  15.1    1.01 0.0289
#> 
#> 
#> MCMC settings:
#> Iterations = 101:600
#> Sample size per chain = 500 
#> Thinning interval = 1 
#> Number of chains = 3 
#> 
#> Number of observations: 186
coef(lm1)
#> $SBP
#>  (Intercept) genderfemale          age           WC       alc>=1     educhigh 
#>   87.9839157   -3.5010429    0.3329532    0.2262894    6.5093606   -2.7800225 
#>         bili    sigma_SBP 
#>   -5.1730414   13.5670206

confint(lm1)
#> $SBP
#>                      2.5%       97.5%
#> (Intercept)   70.11037933 107.0920122
#> genderfemale  -8.03905105   1.0594821
#> age            0.19919441   0.4705334
#> WC             0.07201019   0.3734877
#> alc>=1         1.89897665  10.8594963
#> educhigh      -6.88561508   1.2481772
#> bili         -14.59898407   4.1089909
#> sigma_SBP     12.25273343  15.1162472

Copy Link

Version

Down Chevron

Install

install.packages('JointAI')

Monthly Downloads

968

Version

1.0.3

License

GPL (>= 2)

Maintainer

Last Published

November 28th, 2021

Functions in JointAI (1.0.3)