# corresp

##### Simple Correspondence Analysis

Find the principal canonical correlation and corresponding row- and column-scores from a correspondence analysis of a two-way contingency table.

- Keywords
- multivariate, category

##### Usage

`corresp(x, ...)`## S3 method for class 'matrix':
corresp(x, nf = 1, \dots)

## S3 method for class 'factor':
corresp(x, y, \dots)

## S3 method for class 'data.frame':
corresp(x, \dots)

## S3 method for class 'xtabs':
corresp(x, \dots)

## S3 method for class 'formula':
corresp(formula, data, \dots)

##### Arguments

- x, formula
- The function is generic, accepting various forms of the principal
argument for specifying a two-way frequency table. Currently accepted
forms are matrices, data frames (coerced to frequency tables), objects
of class
`"`

- nf
- The number of factors to be computed. Note that although 1 is the most usual, one school of thought takes the first two singular vectors for a sort of biplot.
- y
- a second factor for a cross-classification.
- data
- a data frame against which to preferentially resolve variables in the formula.
- ...
- If the principal argument is a formula, a data frame may be specified as well from which variables in the formula are preferentially satisfied.

##### Details

See Venables & Ripley (2002). The `plot`

method produces a graphical
representation of the table if `nf=1`

, with the *areas* of circles
representing the numbers of points. If `nf`

is two or more the
`biplot`

method is called, which plots the second and third columns of
the matrices `A = Dr^(-1/2) U L`

and `B = Dc^(-1/2) V L`

where the
singular value decomposition is `U L V`

. Thus the x-axis is the
canonical correlation times the row and column scores. Although this
is called a biplot, it does *not* have any useful inner product
relationship between the row and column scores. Think of this as an
equally-scaled plot with two unrelated sets of labels. The origin is
marked on the plot with a cross. (For other versions of this plot see
the book.)

##### Value

- An list object of class
`"correspondence"`

for which`print`

,`plot`

and`biplot`

methods are supplied. The main components are the canonical correlation(s) and the row and column scores.

##### References

Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002)
*Modern Applied Statistics with S.* Fourth edition. Springer.

Gower, J. C. and Hand, D. J. (1996)
*Biplots.* Chapman & Hall.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
(ct <- corresp(~ Age + Eth, data = quine))
plot(ct)
corresp(caith)
biplot(corresp(caith, nf = 2))
```

*Documentation reproduced from package MASS, version 7.3-35, License: GPL-2 | GPL-3*