# dropterm

##### Try All One-Term Deletions from a Model

Try fitting all models that differ from the current model by dropping a single term, maintaining marginality.

This function is generic; there exist methods for classes `lm`

and
`glm`

and the default method will work for many other classes.

- Keywords
- models

##### Usage

`dropterm (object, …)`# S3 method for default
dropterm(object, scope, scale = 0, test = c("none", "Chisq"),
k = 2, sorted = FALSE, trace = FALSE, …)

# S3 method for lm
dropterm(object, scope, scale = 0, test = c("none", "Chisq", "F"),
k = 2, sorted = FALSE, …)

# S3 method for glm
dropterm(object, scope, scale = 0, test = c("none", "Chisq", "F"),
k = 2, sorted = FALSE, trace = FALSE, …)

##### Arguments

- object
A object fitted by some model-fitting function.

- scope
a formula giving terms which might be dropped. By default, the model formula. Only terms that can be dropped and maintain marginality are actually tried.

- scale
used in the definition of the AIC statistic for selecting the models, currently only for

`lm`

,`aov`

and`glm`

models. Specifying`scale`

asserts that the residual standard error or dispersion is known.- test
should the results include a test statistic relative to the original model? The F test is only appropriate for

`lm`

and`aov`

models, and perhaps for some over-dispersed`glm`

models. The Chisq test can be an exact test (`lm`

models with known scale) or a likelihood-ratio test depending on the method.- k
the multiple of the number of degrees of freedom used for the penalty. Only

`k = 2`

gives the genuine AIC:`k = log(n)`

is sometimes referred to as BIC or SBC.- sorted
should the results be sorted on the value of AIC?

- trace
if

`TRUE`

additional information may be given on the fits as they are tried.- …
arguments passed to or from other methods.

##### Details

The definition of AIC is only up to an additive constant: when
appropriate (`lm`

models with specified scale) the constant is taken
to be that used in Mallows' Cp statistic and the results are labelled
accordingly.

##### Value

A table of class `"anova"`

containing at least columns for the change
in degrees of freedom and AIC (or Cp) for the models. Some methods
will give further information, for example sums of squares, deviances,
log-likelihoods and test statistics.

##### References

Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002)
*Modern Applied Statistics with S.* Fourth edition. Springer.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
quine.hi <- aov(log(Days + 2.5) ~ .^4, quine)
quine.nxt <- update(quine.hi, . ~ . - Eth:Sex:Age:Lrn)
dropterm(quine.nxt, test= "F")
quine.stp <- stepAIC(quine.nxt,
scope = list(upper = ~Eth*Sex*Age*Lrn, lower = ~1),
trace = FALSE)
dropterm(quine.stp, test = "F")
quine.3 <- update(quine.stp, . ~ . - Eth:Age:Lrn)
dropterm(quine.3, test = "F")
quine.4 <- update(quine.3, . ~ . - Eth:Age)
dropterm(quine.4, test = "F")
quine.5 <- update(quine.4, . ~ . - Age:Lrn)
dropterm(quine.5, test = "F")
house.glm0 <- glm(Freq ~ Infl*Type*Cont + Sat, family=poisson,
data = housing)
house.glm1 <- update(house.glm0, . ~ . + Sat*(Infl+Type+Cont))
dropterm(house.glm1, test = "Chisq")
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package MASS, version 7.3-51.1, License: GPL-2 | GPL-3*