SharpeRatio.annualized

0th

Percentile

calculate annualized Sharpe Ratio

The Sharpe Ratio is a risk-adjusted measure of return that uses standard deviation to represent risk.

Usage
SharpeRatio.annualized(R, Rf = 0, scale = NA, geometric = TRUE)
Arguments
R

an xts, vector, matrix, data frame, timeSeries or zoo object of asset returns

Rf

risk free rate, in same period as your returns

scale

number of periods in a year (daily scale = 252, monthly scale = 12, quarterly scale = 4)

geometric

utilize geometric chaining (TRUE) or simple/arithmetic chaining (FALSE) to aggregate returns, default TRUE

Details

The Sharpe ratio is simply the return per unit of risk (represented by variance). The higher the Sharpe ratio, the better the combined performance of "risk" and return.

This function annualizes the number based on the scale parameter.

$$\frac{\sqrt[n]{prod(1+R_{a})^{scale}}-1}{\sqrt{scale}\cdot\sqrt{\sigma}}$$

Using an annualized Sharpe Ratio is useful for comparison of multiple return streams. The annualized Sharpe ratio is computed by dividing the annualized mean monthly excess return by the annualized monthly standard deviation of excess return.

William Sharpe now recommends Information Ratio preferentially to the original Sharpe Ratio.

References

Sharpe, W.F. The Sharpe Ratio,Journal of Portfolio Management,Fall 1994, 49-58.

See Also

SharpeRatio InformationRatio TrackingError ActivePremium SortinoRatio

Aliases
  • SharpeRatio.annualized
Examples
# NOT RUN {
data(managers)
SharpeRatio.annualized(managers[,1,drop=FALSE], Rf=.035/12) 
SharpeRatio.annualized(managers[,1,drop=FALSE], Rf = managers[,10,drop=FALSE])
SharpeRatio.annualized(managers[,1:6], Rf=.035/12) 
SharpeRatio.annualized(managers[,1:6], Rf = managers[,10,drop=FALSE])
SharpeRatio.annualized(managers[,1:6], Rf = managers[,10,drop=FALSE],geometric=FALSE)

# }
Documentation reproduced from package PerformanceAnalytics, version 2.0.4, License:

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