# PointProcess

0th

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##### Point Processes

Functions for estimating point processes.

Keywords
models
##### Usage
extremalPP(data, threshold = NA, nextremes = NA, ...)
unmark(PP)
fit.POT(PP, markdens = "GPD", ...)
fit.sePP(PP, model = c("Hawkes", "ETAS"), mark.influence = TRUE, std.errs = FALSE, ...)
fit.seMPP(PP, markdens = "GPD", model = c("Hawkes", "ETAS"), mark.influence = TRUE, predictable = FALSE, std.errs = FALSE, ...)
stationary.sePP(sePP)
sePP.negloglik(theta, PP, case)
seMPP.negloglik(theta, PP, case, markdens)
volfunction(anytimes, times, marks, theta, model)
"plot"(x, ...)
"plot"(x, ...)
"plot"(x, ...)
##### Arguments
anytimes
vector, times at which to calculate self-excitement function.
data
timeSeries object or vector.
case
numeric, indicating Hawkes or ETAS models and whether marks may have an influence on future points.
markdens
character, name of density of mark distribution, currently only "GPD".
mark.influence
logical, whether marks of marked point process may influence the self-excitement.
marks
vector, marks associated with point events.
model
character, name of self-exciting model.
nextremes
integer, count of upper extremes to be used.
PP
list, a point process object of class PP or MPP.
predictable
logical, whether previous events may influence the scaling of mark distribution.
sePP
list, a fitted self-exciting process created with fit.sePP() or a marked self-exciting process created with fit.seMPP().
std.errs
logical, whether standard errors should be computed.
theta
vector, parameters of self-excitement function.
threshold
numeric, threshold value.
times
vector, times of point events.
x
list, a (un/marked) point process object of class PP/MPP.
...
ellipsis, arguments passed to plot() or to fit.GPD() for fit.POT() or to nlminb() for functions fit.sePP() and fit.seMPP or to julian() for extremalPP.
##### Details

extremalPP(): returns a list describing a marked point process (see pages 298-301 of QRM). fit.POT(): fits the POT (peaks-over-threshold) model to a point process of class PP or MPP. Note that if point process is of class PP, then function simply esitmates the rate of a homogeneous Poisson process (see pages 301--305 of QRM). fit.seMPP(): fits a marked self-exciting process to a point process object of class MPP. fit.sePP(): fits self-exciting process to a point process object of class PP (unmarked) or MPP (marked). seMPP.negloglik(): evaluates negative log-likelihood of a marked self-exciting point process model; this objective function will be passed to the optimizing function. sePP.negloglik(): evaluates negative log-likelihood of a self-exciting point process model (unmarked). stationary.sePP(): checks a sufficient condition for stationarity of a self-exciting model and gives information about cluster size. unmark(): strips marks from a marked point process. volfunction(): calculates a self-excitement function for use in the negloglik methods used in fit.sePP() and fit.seMPP().

##### Value

The function extremalPP() returns a list describing class MPP (marked point process) consisting of times and magnitudes of threshold exceedances:
times
vector of julian day counts (since 1/1/1960) for each exceedance
marks
vector of exceedances values (differences between value and threshold at each mark)
startime
the julian count one day prior to the first date in the entire timeSeries
endtime
value of last julian count in entire timeSeries
threshold
value of threshold above which exceedances are calculated
The functions fit.POT(), fit.seMPP(), and fit.sePP() return a list containing the fitted model.The plot-methods return invisibly the data for producing these.

GPD, nlminb

##### Aliases
• PointProcess
• extremalPP
• unmark
• fit.POT
• fit.sePP
• fit.seMPP
• stationary.sePP
• plot.MPP
• plot.PP
• plot.sePP
• sePP.negloglik
• seMPP.negloglik
• volfunction
• SEprocExciteFunc
##### Examples
## Extremal PP
data(sp500)
l <- -returns(sp500)
lw <- window(l, start = "1995-12-31", end = end(l))
mod1 <- extremalPP(lw, ne = 100)
mod1$marks[1:5] mod1$threshold
mod2a <- fit.sePP(mod1, mark.influence = FALSE, std.errs = TRUE)
mod2b <- fit.seMPP(mod1, mark.influence = FALSE, std.errs = TRUE)
stationary.sePP(mod2b)
mod2c <- fit.POT(mod1, method = "BFGS")
plot(mod1)
plot(unmark(mod1))
plot(mod2a)

Documentation reproduced from package QRM, version 0.4-13, License: GPL (>= 2)

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