stem.leaf

0th

Percentile

Stem-and-Leaf Display

Creates a classical ("Tukey-style") stem-and-leaf display.

Keywords
misc
Usage
stem.leaf(data, unit, m, Min, Max,
    rule.line = c("Dixon", "Velleman", "Sturges"),
    style = c("Tukey", "bare"), trim.outliers = TRUE, depths = TRUE,
    reverse.negative.leaves = TRUE)

## S3 method for class 'stem.leaf':
print(x, ...)
Arguments
data
a numeric vector.
unit
leaf unit, as a power of 10 (e.g., 100, .01); omit to let the function choose the unit.
m
number of parts (1, 2, or 5) into which each stem should be divided; omit to let the function choose the number of parts/stem.
Min
smallest non-outlying value; omit for automatic choice.
Max
largest non-outlying value; omit for automatic choice.
rule.line
the rule to use for choosing the desired number of lines in the display; "Dixon" = 10*log10(n); "Velleman" = 2*sqrt(n); "Sturges" = 1 + log2(n); the default is "Dixon".
style
"Tukey" (the default) for "Tukey-style" divided stems; "bare" for divided stems that simply repeat the stem digits.
trim.outliers
if TRUE (the default), outliers are placed on LO and HI stems.
depths
if TRUE (the default), print a column of "depths" to the left of the stems; the depth of the stem containing the median is the stem-count enclosed in parentheses.
reverse.negative.leaves
if TRUE (the default), reverse the leaves on negative stems (so, e.g., the leaf 9 comes before the leaf 8, etc.).
x
an object of class stem.leaf to be printed.
...
not used: for compatibility with the generic print function.
Details

Unlike the stem function in the base package, this function produces classic stem-and-leaf displays, as described in Tukey's Exploratory Data Analysis. Outliers are determined using the rule for boxplots (see boxplot.stats).

Value

  • Returns on object of class stem.leaf, which normally would be printed.

References

Tukey, J. Exploratory Data Analysis. Addison-Wesley, 1977.

See Also

stem

Aliases
  • stem.leaf
  • print.stem.leaf
Examples
data(Prestige)
stem.leaf(Prestige$income)
Documentation reproduced from package Rcmdr, version 1.0-2, License: GPL version 2 or newer

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