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RcppArmadillo: R and Armadillo via Rcpp

Synopsis

RcppArmadillo provides an interface from R to and from Armadillo by utilising the Rcpp R/C++ interface library.

What is Armadillo?

Armadillo is a high-quality linear algebra library for the C++ language, aiming towards a good balance between speed and ease of use. It provides high-level syntax and functionality deliberately similar to Matlab (TM). See its website more information about Armadillo.

So give me an example!

Glad you asked. Here is a light-weight and fast implementation of linear regression:

#include <RcppArmadillo.h>
// [[Rcpp::depends(RcppArmadillo)]]

// [[Rcpp::export]]
Rcpp::List fastLm(const arma::mat& X, const arma::colvec& y) {
    int n = X.n_rows, k = X.n_cols;

    arma::colvec coef = arma::solve(X, y);     // fit model y ~ X
    arma::colvec res  = y - X*coef;            // residuals
    double s2 = arma::dot(res, res) / (n - k); // std.errors of coefficients
    arma::colvec std_err = arma::sqrt(s2 * arma::diagvec(arma::pinv(arma::trans(X)*X)));

    return Rcpp::List::create(Rcpp::Named("coefficients") = coef,
                              Rcpp::Named("stderr")       = std_err,
                              Rcpp::Named("df.residual")  = n - k);
}

You can Rcpp::sourceCpp() the file above to compile the function. A version is also included in the package as the fastLm() function.

Status

The package is mature yet under active development with releases to CRAN about once every other month, and widely-used by other CRAN packages as can be seen from the CRAN package page. As of January 2023, there are 1035 CRAN packages using RcppArmadillo.

Documentation

The package contains a pdf vignette which is a pre-print of the paper by Eddelbuettel and Sanderson in CSDA (2014), as well as an introductory vignette for the sparse matrix conversions.

Installation

RcppArmadillo is a CRAN package, and lives otherwise in its own habitat on GitHub within the RcppCore GitHub organization.

Run

install.packages("RcppArmadillo")

to install from your nearest CRAN mirror.

Authors

Dirk Eddelbuettel, Romain Francois, Doug Bates, Binxiang Ni, and Conrad Sanderson

License

GPL (>= 2)

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Install

install.packages('RcppArmadillo')

Monthly Downloads

374,291

Version

0.12.6.6.1

License

GPL (>= 2)

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Last Published

December 4th, 2023

Functions in RcppArmadillo (0.12.6.6.1)