SEM

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Simplified evaporation method (SEM)

Determines unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and water retention characteristics from laboratory evaporation experiments.

Usage
SEM(suc.up, suc.low, weight = NULL, t, ths = NULL, r = 3.6, L = 6,
  z1 = 1.5, z2 = 4.5, sd.tens = 0.2, suc.negativ = TRUE,
  suc.out = "weighted")
Arguments
suc.up

a numeric vector containing the measured suctions [cm] of the upper tensiometer

suc.low

a numeric vector containing the measured suctions [cm] of the lower tensiometer

weight

a numeric vector containing the measured weights [g]

t

time in seconds [s]

ths

saturated water content (optional) for the calulation of the soil water contents (th)

r

sample radius [cm]

L

sample height [cm]

z1

depth of upper tensiometer [cm]

z2

depth of lower tensiometer [cm]

sd.tens

measurement accuracy of tensiometer [cm]

suc.negativ

set TRUE if suction/tensiometer values are negative and FALSE if positive

suc.out

'weighted' (default), arithmetic ('ari') or geometric ('geo') mean of the tensiometer readings (see Peters (2015) for details)

Details

Value

Ki: unsaturated hydraulic conductivity [cm/day]

th: water content (th) is returned if ths is provided as input

suc: suction, either (1) weighted between arithmetic and geometric mean (default), (2) the arithmetic mean or (3) the geometric mean (see Peters 2015)

References

Wind, G. P. (1966). Capillary conductivity data estimated by a simple method (No. 80). [sn].

Peters, A., Iden, S. C., & Durner, W. (2015). Revisiting the simplified evaporation method: Identification of hydraulic functions considering vapor, film and corner flow. Journal of Hydrology, 527, 531-542.

Peters, A., & Durner, W. (2008). Simplified evaporation method for determining soil hydraulic properties. Journal of Hydrology, 356(1), 147-162.

Schindler, U., 1980. Ein Schnellverfahren zur Messung der Wasserleitf<U+00E4>higkeit im teilges<U+00E4>ttigten Boden an Stechzylinderproben. Arch. Acker- Pflanzenbau Bodenkd. 24, 1<U+2013>7.

Aliases
  • SEM
Examples
# NOT RUN {
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Calculate hydraulic properties with the 'Simplified Evaporation Method' (SEM)
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
data('dataSEM')
ths <- 0.7  # define saturated water content (ths) (optional)
shp <- SEM(suc.up     = dataSEM$tens.up,
          suc.low     = dataSEM$tens.low,
          weight      = dataSEM$weight,
          t           = dataSEM$hour*60*60,
          r           = 3.6, # radius of sample
          L           = 6,   # height of sample
          z1          = 1.5, # depth of upper tensiometer [cm]
          z2          = 4.5, # depth of lower tensiometer [cm]
          sd.tens     = 0.1,  # tensiometer accuracy (see ?SEM)
          ths         = ths,
          suc.negativ = TRUE,
          suc.out     = 'weighted'
)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package SoilHyP, version 0.1.3, License: GPL (>= 2)

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