# reformulate_ATSP_as_TSP

From TSP v1.1-4
0th

Percentile

##### Reformulate a ATSP as a symmetric TSP

A ATSP can be formulated as a symmetric TSP by doubling the number of cities (Jonker and Volgenant 1983). The solution of the TSP also represents the solution of the original ATSP.

Keywords
optimize
##### Usage
reformulate_ATSP_as_TSP(x, infeasible = Inf, cheap = -Inf)
##### Arguments
x
an ATSP.
infeasible
value for infeasible connections.
cheap
value for distance between a city and its corresponding dummy city.
##### Details

To reformulate the ATSP as a TSP, for each city a dummy city (e.g, for 'New York' a dummy city 'New York*') is added. Between each city and its corresponding dummy city a negative or very small distance with value cheap is used. This makes sure that each cities always occurs in the solution together with its dummy city. The original distances are used between the cities and the dummy cities, where each city is responsible for the distance going to the city and the dummy city is responsible for the distance coming from the city. The distances between all cities and the distances between all dummy cities are set to infeasible, a very large value which makes the infeasible.

a TSP object.

##### References

Jonker, R. and Volgenant, T. (1983): Transforming asymmetric into symmetric traveling salesman problems, Operations Research Letters, 2, 161--163.

ATSP, TSP.

##### Aliases
• reformulate_ATSP_as_TSP
##### Examples
data("USCA50")

## set the distances towards Austin to zero which makes it a ATSP
austin <- which(labels(USCA50) == "Austin, TX")
atsp <- as.ATSP(USCA50)
atsp[, austin] <- 0

## reformulate as a TSP
tsp <- reformulate_ATSP_as_TSP(atsp)
labels(tsp)

## create tour (now you could use Concorde or LK)
tour_atsp <- solve_TSP(tsp, method="nn")
tour_atsp
## Note that the tour has a lenght of -Inf since the reformulation created
## some -Inf distances

## filter out the dummy cities (we specify tsp so the tour lenght is
## recalculated)
tour <- TOUR(tour_atsp[tour_atsp <= n_of_cities(atsp)], tsp = atsp)
tour

Documentation reproduced from package TSP, version 1.1-4, License: GPL-3

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