cratio

0th

Percentile

Ordinal Regression with Continuation Ratios

Fits a continuation ratio logit/probit/cloglog/cauchit/... regression model to an ordered (preferably) factor response.

Keywords
models, regression
Usage
cratio(link = "logit", parallel = FALSE, reverse = FALSE, zero = NULL,
       whitespace = FALSE)
Arguments
link

Link function applied to the \(M\) continuation ratio probabilities. See Links for more choices.

parallel

A logical, or formula specifying which terms have equal/unequal coefficients.

reverse

Logical. By default, the continuation ratios used are \(\eta_j = logit(P[Y>j|Y \geq j])\) for \(j=1,\dots,M\). If reverse is TRUE, then \(\eta_j = logit(P[Y<j+1|Y\leq j+1])\) will be used.

zero

An integer-valued vector specifying which linear/additive predictors are modelled as intercepts only. The values must be from the set {1,2,…,\(M\)}. The default value means none are modelled as intercept-only terms.

whitespace

See CommonVGAMffArguments for information.

Details

In this help file the response \(Y\) is assumed to be a factor with ordered values \(1,2,\dots,M+1\), so that \(M\) is the number of linear/additive predictors \(\eta_j\).

There are a number of definitions for the continuation ratio in the literature. To make life easier, in the VGAM package, we use continuation ratios and stopping ratios (see sratio). Stopping ratios deal with quantities such as logit(P[Y=j|Y>=j]).

Value

An object of class "vglmff" (see vglmff-class). The object is used by modelling functions such as vglm, rrvglm and vgam.

Note

The response should be either a matrix of counts (with row sums that are all positive), or a factor. In both cases, the y slot returned by vglm/vgam/rrvglm is the matrix of counts.

For a nominal (unordered) factor response, the multinomial logit model (multinomial) is more appropriate.

Here is an example of the usage of the parallel argument. If there are covariates x1, x2 and x3, then parallel = TRUE ~ x1 + x2 -1 and parallel = FALSE ~ x3 are equivalent. This would constrain the regression coefficients for x1 and x2 to be equal; those of the intercepts and x3 would be different.

Warning

No check is made to verify that the response is ordinal if the response is a matrix; see ordered.

References

Agresti, A. (2013) Categorical Data Analysis, 3rd ed. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley.

McCullagh, P. and Nelder, J. A. (1989) Generalized Linear Models, 2nd ed. London: Chapman & Hall.

Yee, T. W. (2010) The VGAM package for categorical data analysis. Journal of Statistical Software, 32, 1--34. http://www.jstatsoft.org/v32/i10/.

See Also

sratio, acat, cumulative, multinomial, margeff, pneumo, logit, probit, cloglog, cauchit.

Aliases
  • cratio
Examples
# NOT RUN {
pneumo <- transform(pneumo, let = log(exposure.time))
(fit <- vglm(cbind(normal, mild, severe) ~ let,
             cratio(parallel = TRUE), data = pneumo))
coef(fit, matrix = TRUE)
constraints(fit)
predict(fit)
predict(fit, untransform = TRUE)
margeff(fit)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package VGAM, version 1.0-4, License: GPL-3

Community examples

Looks like there are no examples yet.