VGAM (version 1.0-4)

lrtest: Likelihood Ratio Test of Nested Models


lrtest is a generic function for carrying out likelihood ratio tests. The default method can be employed for comparing nested VGLMs (see details below).


lrtest(object, …)

lrtest_vglm(object, …, no.warning = FALSE, name = NULL)



a vglm object. See below for details.

further object specifications passed to methods. See below for details.


logical; if TRUE then no warning is issued. For example, setting TRUE might be a good idea when testing for linearity of a variable for a "pvgam" object.


a function for extracting a suitable name/description from a fitted model object. By default the name is queried by calling formula.


An object of class "VGAManova" which contains a slot with the log-likelihood, degrees of freedom, the difference in degrees of freedom, likelihood ratio Chi-squared statistic and corresponding p value. These are printed by stats:::print.anova(); see anova.


Several VGAM family functions implement distributions which do not satisfying the usual regularity conditions needed for the LRT to work. No checking or warning is given for these.


lrtest is intended to be a generic function for comparisons of models via asymptotic likelihood ratio tests. The default method consecutively compares the fitted model object object with the models passed in . Instead of passing the fitted model objects in , several other specifications are possible. The updating mechanism is the same as for waldtest: the models in can be specified as integers, characters (both for terms that should be eliminated from the previous model), update formulas or fitted model objects. Except for the last case, the existence of an update method is assumed. See waldtest for details.

Subsequently, an asymptotic likelihood ratio test for each two consecutive models is carried out: Twice the difference in log-likelihoods (as derived by the logLik methods) is compared with a Chi-squared distribution.

See Also

lmtest, vglm, lrp.vglm.


Run this code
pneumo <- transform(pneumo, let = log(exposure.time), x3 = runif(nrow(pneumo)))
fit1 <- vglm(cbind(normal, mild, severe) ~ let     , propodds, data = pneumo)
fit2 <- vglm(cbind(normal, mild, severe) ~ let + x3, propodds, data = pneumo)
fit3 <- vglm(cbind(normal, mild, severe) ~ let     , cumulative, data = pneumo)
# Various equivalent specifications of the LR test for testing x3
(ans1 <- lrtest(fit2, fit1))
ans2 <- lrtest(fit2, 2)
ans3 <- lrtest(fit2, "x3")
ans4 <- lrtest(fit2, . ~ . - x3)
c(all.equal(ans1, ans2), all.equal(ans1, ans3), all.equal(ans1, ans4))

# Doing it manually
(testStatistic <- 2 * (logLik(fit2) - logLik(fit1)))
(mypval <- pchisq(testStatistic, df = length(coef(fit2)) - length(coef(fit1)),
                  lower.tail = FALSE))

(ans4 <- lrtest(fit3, fit1))  # Test proportional odds (parallelism) assumption
# }

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