VGAMdata (version 1.1-9)

oalog: One-Altered Logarithmic Distribution


Fits a one-altered logarithmic distribution based on a conditional model involving a Bernoulli distribution and a 1-truncated logarithmic distribution.


oalog(lpobs1 = "logitlink", lshape = "logitlink",
      type.fitted = c("mean", "shape", "pobs1", "onempobs1"),
      ipobs1 = NULL, gshape = ppoints(8), zero = NULL)


An object of class "vglmff"

(see vglmff-class). The object is used by modelling functions such as vglm, and vgam.

The fitted.values slot of the fitted object, which should be extracted by the generic function fitted, returns the mean \(\mu\) (default) which is given by

$$\mu = \phi + (1-\phi) A$$

where \(A\) is the mean of the one-truncated logarithmic distribution. If type.fitted = "pobs1" then \(p_1\) is returned.



Link function for the parameter \(p_1\) or \(\phi\), called pobs1 or phi here. See Links for more choices.


See logff for details.

gshape, type.fitted

See CommonVGAMffArguments and fittedvlm for information.

ipobs1, zero

See CommonVGAMffArguments for information.


T. W. Yee


The response \(Y\) is one with probability \(p_1\), or \(Y\) has a 1-truncated logarithmic distribution with probability \(1-p_1\). Thus \(0 < p_1 < 1\), which is modelled as a function of the covariates. The one-altered logarithmic distribution differs from the one-inflated logarithmic distribution in that the former has ones coming from one source, whereas the latter has ones coming from the logarithmic distribution too. The one-inflated logarithmic distribution is implemented in the VGAM package. Some people call the one-altered logarithmic a hurdle model.

The input can be a matrix (multiple responses). By default, the two linear/additive predictors of oalog are \((logit(\phi), logit(s))^T\).

See Also

Gaitdlog, Oalog, logff, oilog, CommonVGAMffArguments, simulate.vlm.


Run this code
if (FALSE) odata <- data.frame(x2 = runif(nn <- 1000))
odata <- transform(odata, pobs1  = logitlink(-1 + 2*x2, inv = TRUE),
                          shape  = logitlink(-2 + 3*x2, inv = TRUE))
odata <- transform(odata, y1 = roalog(nn, shape, pobs1 = pobs1),
                          y2 = roalog(nn, shape, pobs1 = pobs1))
with(odata, table(y1))

ofit <- vglm(cbind(y1, y2) ~ x2, oalog, data = odata, trace = TRUE)
coef(ofit, matrix = TRUE)

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