0th

Percentile

##### Read data from one or more HTML tables

This function and its methods provide somewhat robust methods for extracting data from HTML tables in an HTML document. One can read all the tables in a document given by filename or (http: or ftp:) URL, or having already parsed the document via htmlParse. Alternatively, one can specify an individual <table> node in the document.

The methods attempt to do some heuristic computations to determine the header labels for the columns, the name of the table, etc.

Keywords
data, IO
##### Usage
readHTMLTable(doc, header = NA,
colClasses = NULL, skip.rows = integer(), trim = TRUE,
elFun = xmlValue, as.data.frame = TRUE, which = integer(),
...)
##### Arguments
doc

the HTML document which can be a file name or a URL or an already parsed HTMLInternalDocument, or an HTML node of class XMLInternalElementNode, or a character vector containing the HTML content to parse and process.

either a logical value indicating whether the table has column labels, e.g. the first row or a thead, or alternatively a character vector giving the names to use for the resulting columns. This can be a logical vector and the individual values will be used in turn for the different tables. This allows the caller to control whether individual tables are processed as having column names. Alternatively, one can read a specific table via the which parameter and control how that is processed with a single scalar logical.

colClasses

either a list or a vector that gives the names of the data types for the different columns in the table, or alternatively a function used to convert the string values to the appropriate type. A value of NULL means that we should drop that column from the result. Note that currently the conversion occurs before the vectors are converted to a data frame (if as.data.frame is TRUE). As a result, to ensure that character vectors remain as characters and not factors, use stringsAsFactors = FALSE. This typically applies only to an individual table and so for the method applied to a XMLInternalElementNode object.

In addition to the usual "integer", "numeric", "logical", "character", etc. names of R data types, one can use "FormattedInteger", "FormattedNumber" and "Percent" to specify that format of the values are numbers possibly with commas (,) separating groups of digits or a number followed by a percent sign (%). This mechanism allows one to introduce new classes and specify these as targets in colClasses.

skip.rows

an integer vector indicating which rows to ignore.

trim

a logical value indicating whether to remove leading and trailing white space from the content cells.

elFun

a function which, if specified, is called when converting each cell. Currently, only the node is specified. In the future, we might additionally pass the index of the column so that the function has some context, e.g. whether the value is a row label or a regular value, or if the caller knows the type of columns.

as.data.frame

a logical value indicating whether to turn the resluting table(s) into data frames or leave them as matrices.

which

an integer vector identifying which tables to return from within the document. This applies to the method for the document, not individual tables.

currently additional parameters that are passed on to as.data.frame if as.data.frame is TRUE. We may change this to use these as additional arguments for calls to elFun.

##### Value

If the document (either by name or parsed tree) is specified, the return vale is a list of data frames or matrices. If a single HTML node is provided

##### References

HTML4.0 specification

htmlParse getNodeSet xpathSApply

##### Aliases
• coerce,character,FormattedInteger-method
• coerce,character,FormattedNumber-method
• coerce,character,Percent-method
• coerce,character,Currency-method
• FormattedInteger-class
• FormattedNumber-class
• Percent-class
##### Examples
# NOT RUN {
## This changed to using https: in June 2015, and that is unsupported.
# u = "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population"
u = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_and_dependencies_by_population"

names(tables)

tables[[2]]
# Print the table. Note that the values are all characters
# not numbers. Also the column names have a preceding X since
tmp = tables[[2]]

# Let's just read the second table directly by itself.
doc = htmlParse(u)
tableNodes = getNodeSet(doc, "//table")

# Let's try to adapt the values on the fly.
# We'll create a function that turns a th/td node into a val
tryAsInteger = function(node) {
val = xmlValue(node)
ans = as.integer(gsub(",", "", val))
if(is.na(ans))
val
else
ans
}

tb = readHTMLTable(tableNodes[[2]], elFun = tryAsInteger)

tb = readHTMLTable(tableNodes[[2]], elFun = tryAsInteger,
colClasses = c("character", rep("integer", 9)))
# }
# NOT RUN {
zz =
if(any(i <- sapply(zz, function(x) if(is.null(x)) 0 else ncol(x)) == 14)) {
# guard against the structure of the page changing.
zz = zz[[which(i)[1]]]  # 4th table
# convert columns to numeric.  Could use colClasses in the call to readHTMLTable()
zz[-1] = lapply(zz[-1], function(x) as.numeric(gsub(".* ", "", as.character(x))))
matplot(1:12, t(zz[-c(1, 14)]), type = "l")
}

# From Marsh Feldman on R-help, possibly
# https://stat.ethz.ch/pipermail/r-help/2010-March/232586.html
# That site was non-responsive in June 2015,
# and this does not do a good job on the current table.

# }
# NOT RUN {
doc <- "http://www.nber.org/cycles/cyclesmain.html"
# The  main table is the second one because it's embedded in the page table.
tables <- getNodeSet(htmlParse(doc), "//table")
"expansion","trough2trough","peak2peak"),
colClasses = c("character","character","character",
"character","character","character"),
trim = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE
)
# }
# NOT RUN {
if(FALSE) {
# Here is a totally different way of reading tables from HTML documents.
# The data are formatted using PRE and so can be read via read.table
h = htmlParse(u)
p = getNodeSet(h, "//pre")
con = textConnection(xmlValue(p[[2]]))
}

# }
# NOT RUN {
## This is not accessible without authentication ...