analytics (version 3.0)

# colmean: Give Row Means of a Matrix-like Object, Based on a Grouping Variable

## Description

Compute Row (weighted) means across columns of a numeric matrix-like object for each level of a grouping variable.

## Usage

```colmean(M, group = colnames(M), w = FALSE, reord = FALSE,
na_rm = FALSE, big = TRUE, ...)```

## Arguments

M

a matrix, data frame or vector of numeric data. Missing values are allowed. A numeric vector will be treated as a column vector.

group

a vector or factor giving the grouping, with one element per row of M. Default: rownames of M.

w

a vector giving the weights that must be applied to each of the stacked blocks of an original object

reord

if TRUE, then the result will be in order of sort(unique(group)), if FALSE (the default), it will be in the order that groups were encountered.

na_rm

logical (TRUE or FALSE). Should NA (including NaN) values be discarded?

big

is your object big and integer overflow is likely? If TRUE, then M is multiplied by 1.0 to ensure values are of type double (perhaps taking more RAM).

...

other arguments to be passed to or from methods.

## Value

A matrix-like object containing the means by group. There will be one row per unique value of group. If object supplied in fact (explicitly) had just one group, base function `colMeans` is called for maximum efficiency and a numeric vector containing the mean of each column is returned.

## Details

This function is a wrapper for analytics function `rowmean` which allows one to compute the (weighted) mean instead of the sum, while handling integer overflow.

Note: although data frames ara allowed, keep in mind that data frames do not allow duplicate row names. Hence if you have a dataframe with more than 1 group, you may want to use the function as.matrix() to convert it to an object of class matrix

To compute the mean over all the rows of a matrix (i.e. a single group) use colMeans, which should be even faster.

`rowmean` `rowsum`

## Examples

Run this code
``````# NOT RUN {
A <- matrix(1:8, ncol = 4)
colnames(A) <- c("A", "B", "A", "B")
colmean(A)
colmean(A, w = c(0.2,0.8))

# }
``````

Run the code above in your browser using DataLab