# Fibulae

##### Bronze La Tene fibulae from Munsingen, Switzerland

The La T<U+00E8>ne fibulae from the Iron Age cemetery of M<U+00FC>nsingen near Berne, Switzerland (100 - 500 BCE) described by F. R. Hodson (1968).

- Keywords
- datasets

##### Usage

`data("Fibulae")`

##### Details

The La T<U+00E8>ne fibulae from the Iron Age cemetery of M<U+00FC>nsingen near Berne, Switzerland were reported by F. R. Hodson (1968). They were featured in several papers by Hodson over the years and used to illustrate a variety of multivariate statistical techniques. The data here were taken from Doran and Hodson (1975), Table 9.1. These are the raw measurements including 5 missing values in foot extension thickness and 1 in foot extension length.

##### Format

A data frame with 30 observations on the following 16 variables.

`Grave`

Grave number

`Mno`

Museum number

`FL`

Foot Length

`BH`

Bow Height

`BFA`

Bow Front Angle

`FA`

Foot Angle

`CD`

Coil Diameter

`BRA`

Bow Rear Angle

`ED`

Element Diameter

`FEL`

Foot Extension Length

`C`

Catchplate

`BW`

Bow Width

`BT`

Bow Thickness

`FEW`

Foot Extension Width

`Coils`

Number of Coils

`Length`

Total Length

##### References

Carlson, David L. 2017. *Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Using R*. Cambridge University Press, pp 88-91, 95-99, 103-109, 127-129, 132-138, 162-169.

Hodson, F. R., P. H. A. Sneath, J. E. Doran. 1966. Some Experiments in the Numerical Analysis of Archaeological Data. *Biometrika* 53: 311-324.

Hodson, F. R. 1969. Searching for Structure within Multivariate Archaeological Data. *World Archaeology* 1: 90-105.

Hodson, F. R. 1970. Cluster Analysis and Archaeology: some New Developments and Applications. *World Archaeology* 1: 299-320.

Hodson, F. R. 1971. Numerical Typology and Prehistoric Archaeology. In *Mathematics int eh Archaeological and Historical Sciences*, edited by F. R. Hodson, D. G. Kendall and P. Tautu, pp 30-45. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Sneath, P. H. A. 1968. Goodness of Intuitive Arrangements into Time Trends Based on Complex Pattern. *Systematic Zoology* 17: 256-260.

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
data(Fibulae)
t(sapply(Fibulae[, 3:16], quantile, na.rm=TRUE))
plot(density(Fibulae$Length, bw="SJ"), main="Kernel Density Plot of Length")
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package archdata, version 1.2, License: GPL*