Nelson

0th

Percentile

Prehistoric Ceramics at Pueblo San Cristobal, New Mexico, USA

Ceramic distribution in a midden deposit at Pueblo San Cristobal reported by Nels Nelson in 1916.

Keywords
datasets
Usage
data(Nelson)
Details

Data from a midden deposit at San Cristobal in the American Southwest. It has been used as a classic illustration of the potential for creating a relative chronology using frequency seriation of ceramic artifact types. The site was occupied approximately from CE 1350 to 1680. Ceramic artifact fragment counts are presented for each 1-foot (30 cm) arbitrary level excavated in the midden deposit. When converted to percentages (usually excluding the corrugated ware), the data illustrate a classical "battleship curve" like those described in Ford (1962).

Format

A data frame with 10 observations on the following 8 variables.

Depth

Depth in feet from 1 to 10 for 1 foot arbitrary excavation levels

Corrugated

Number of corrugated ware ceramics

Biscuit

Number of Biscuit ware ceramics

Type_I

Number of two and three color painted ware ceramics

Type_II_Red

Number of two color glazed red ware ceramics

Type_II_Yellow

Number of two color glazed yellow ware ceramics

Type_II_Gray

Number of two color glazed gray ware ceramics

Type_III

Number of three color glazed ware ceramics

References

Carlson, David L. 2017. Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Using R. Cambridge University Press, pp 381-386, 390-393.

Ford, J. A. (1962) A Quantitative Method for Deriving Cultural Chronology. Pan American Union, Technical Manual No 1.

Aliases
  • Nelson
Examples
# NOT RUN {
data(Nelson)
# Remove Depth and Corrugated and compute percentages
Nelson.pct <- prop.table(as.matrix(Nelson[,3:7]), 1)*100
# Percentages for each type by level
round(Nelson.pct, 2)
# Battleship plot from plotrix package
library(plotrix)
battleship.plot(Nelson.pct)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package archdata, version 1.2, License: GPL

Community examples

Looks like there are no examples yet.