```
## upper triangular matrix 'r':
r <- rbind(c(1,2,3),
c(0,1,1),
c(0,0,2))
( y <- backsolve(r, x <- c(8,4,2)) ) # -1 3 1
r %*% y # == x = (8,4,2)
backsolve(r, x, transpose = TRUE) # 8 -12 -5
```

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