Returns a matrix of integers indicating their column number in a matrix-like object, or a factor of column labels.
col(x, as.factor = FALSE)
- a matrix-like object, that is one with a two-dimensional
- a logical value indicating whether the value should be returned as a factor of column labels (created if necessary) rather than as numbers.
An integer (or factor) matrix with the same dimensions as
ij-th element is equal to
j-th column label).
Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.
row to get rows.
# extract an off-diagonal of a matrix ma <- matrix(1:12, 3, 4) ma[row(ma) == col(ma) + 1] # create an identity 5-by-5 matrix x <- matrix(0, nrow = 5, ncol = 5) x[row(x) == col(x)] <- 1
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