pretty

0th

Percentile

Pretty Breakpoints

Compute a sequence of about n+1 equally spaced ‘round’ values which cover the range of the values in x. The values are chosen so that they are 1, 2 or 5 times a power of 10.

Keywords
dplot
Usage
pretty(x, ...)
"pretty"(x, n = 5, min.n = n %/% 3, shrink.sml = 0.75, high.u.bias = 1.5, u5.bias = .5 + 1.5*high.u.bias, eps.correct = 0, ...)
Arguments
x
an object coercible to numeric by as.numeric.
n
integer giving the desired number of intervals. Non-integer values are rounded down.
min.n
nonnegative integer giving the minimal number of intervals. If min.n == 0, pretty(.) may return a single value.
shrink.sml
positive numeric by a which a default scale is shrunk in the case when range(x) is very small (usually 0).
high.u.bias
non-negative numeric, typically $> 1$. The interval unit is determined as {1,2,5,10} times b, a power of 10. Larger high.u.bias values favor larger units.
u5.bias
non-negative numeric multiplier favoring factor 5 over 2. Default and ‘optimal’: u5.bias = .5 + 1.5*high.u.bias.
eps.correct
integer code, one of {0,1,2}. If non-0, an epsilon correction is made at the boundaries such that the result boundaries will be outside range(x); in the small case, the correction is only done if eps.correct >= 2.
...
further arguments for methods.
Details

pretty ignores non-finite values in x.

Let d <- max(x) - min(x) $\ge 0$. If d is not (very close) to 0, we let c <- d/n, otherwise more or less c <- max(abs(range(x)))*shrink.sml / min.n. Then, the 10 base b is $10^(floor(log10(c)))$ such that $b \le c < 10b$.

Now determine the basic unit $u$ as one of ${1,2,5,10} b$, depending on $c/b in [1,10$ and the two ‘bias’ coefficients, $h =$high.u.bias and $f =$u5.bias.

.........

References

Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

See Also

axTicks for the computation of pretty axis tick locations in plots, particularly on the log scale.

Aliases
  • pretty
  • pretty.default
Examples
library(base) pretty(1:15) # 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 pretty(1:15, h = 2) # 0 5 10 15 pretty(1:15, n = 4) # 0 5 10 15 pretty(1:15 * 2) # 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 pretty(1:20) # 0 5 10 15 20 pretty(1:20, n = 2) # 0 10 20 pretty(1:20, n = 10) # 0 2 4 ... 20 for(k in 5:11) { cat("k=", k, ": "); print(diff(range(pretty(100 + c(0, pi*10^-k)))))} ##-- more bizarre, when min(x) == max(x): pretty(pi) add.names <- function(v) { names(v) <- paste(v); v} utils::str(lapply(add.names(-10:20), pretty)) utils::str(lapply(add.names(0:20), pretty, min.n = 0)) sapply( add.names(0:20), pretty, min.n = 4) pretty(1.234e100) pretty(1001.1001) pretty(1001.1001, shrink = 0.2) for(k in -7:3) cat("shrink=", formatC(2^k, width = 9),":", formatC(pretty(1001.1001, shrink.sml = 2^k), width = 6),"\n")
Documentation reproduced from package base, version 3.3.0, License: Part of R 3.3.0

Community examples

Looks like there are no examples yet.