Creates or tests for objects of mode
expression(...)is.expression(x) as.expression(x, ...)
expression: R objects, typically calls, symbols or constants.
as.expression: arguments to be passed to methods.
- an arbitrary R object.
Expression here is not being used in its colloquial sense,
that of mathematical expressions. Those are calls (see
call) in R, and an R expression vector is a list of
calls, symbols etc, for example as returned by
As an object of mode
"expression" is a list, it can be
$, the latter two extracting
individual calls etc. The replacement forms of these operators can be
used to replace or delete elements.
is.expression are primitive functions.
expression is special: it does not evaluate its arguments.
expression returns a vector of type "expression"
containing its arguments (unevaluated).is.expression returns TRUE if expr is an
expression object and FALSE otherwise.as.expression attempts to coerce its argument into an
expression object. It is generic, and only the default method is
described here. (The default method calls
as.vector(type = "expression") and so may dispatch methods for
as.vector.) NULL, calls, symbols (see
as.symbol) and pairlists are returned as the element of
a length-one expression vector. Atomic vectors are placed
element-by-element into an expression vector (without using any
names): lists are changed type to an expression vector (keeping all
attributes). Other types are not currently supported.
Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.
length(ex1 <- expression(1 + 0:9)) # 1 ex1 eval(ex1) # 1:10 length(ex3 <- expression(u, v, 1+ 0:9)) # 3 mode(ex3 ) # expression mode(ex3[]) # call rm(ex3)