# matmult

##### Matrix Multiplication

Multiplies two matrices, if they are conformable. If one argument is a vector, it will be promoted to either a row or column matrix to make the two arguments conformable. If both are vectors of the same length, it will return the inner product (as a matrix).

##### Usage

`x %*% y`

##### Arguments

- x, y
numeric or complex matrices or vectors.

##### Details

When a vector is promoted to a matrix, its names are not
promoted to row or column names, unlike `as.matrix`

.

Promotion of a vector to a 1-row or 1-column matrix happens when one
of the two choices allows `x`

and `y`

to get conformable
dimensions.

This operator is S4 generic but not S3 generic. S4 methods need to be
written for a function of two arguments named `x`

and `y`

.

##### Value

A double or complex matrix product. Use `drop`

to remove
dimensions which have only one level.

##### Note

The propagation of NaN/Inf values, precision, and performance of matrix
products can be controlled by `options("matprod")`

.

##### References

Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988)
*The New S Language*.
Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

##### See Also

For matrix *cross*products, `crossprod()`

and
`tcrossprod()`

are typically preferable.
`matrix`

, `Arithmetic`

, `diag`

.

##### Examples

`library(base)`

```
# NOT RUN {
x <- 1:4
(z <- x %*% x) # scalar ("inner") product (1 x 1 matrix)
drop(z) # as scalar
y <- diag(x)
z <- matrix(1:12, ncol = 3, nrow = 4)
y %*% z
y %*% x
x %*% z
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package base, version 3.4.3, License: Part of R 3.4.3*