# sum

0th

Percentile

##### Sum of Vector Elements

sum returns the sum of all the values present in its arguments.

Keywords
arith
##### Usage
sum(…, na.rm = FALSE)
##### Arguments

numeric or complex or logical vectors.

na.rm

logical. Should missing values (including NaN) be removed?

##### Details

This is a generic function: methods can be defined for it directly or via the Summary group generic. For this to work properly, the arguments … should be unnamed, and dispatch is on the first argument.

If na.rm is FALSE an NA or NaN value in any of the arguments will cause a value of NA or NaN to be returned, otherwise NA and NaN values are ignored.

Logical true values are regarded as one, false values as zero. For historical reasons, NULL is accepted and treated as if it were integer(0).

Loss of accuracy can occur when summing values of different signs: this can even occur for sufficiently long integer inputs if the partial sums would cause integer overflow. Where possible extended-precision accumulators are used, typically well supported with C99 and newer, but possibly platform-dependent.

##### Value

The sum. If all of the $$M$$ … arguments are of type integer or logical, then the sum is integer when possible and is double otherwise. Integer overflow should no longer happen since R version 3.5.0. For other argument types it is a length-one numeric (double) or complex vector.

NB: the sum of an empty set is zero, by definition.

##### S4 methods

This is part of the S4 Summary group generic. Methods for it must use the signature x, …, na.rm.

plotmath’ for the use of sum in plot annotation.

##### References

Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

colSums for row and column sums.

• sum
##### Examples
library(base) # NOT RUN { <!-- % for beginners --> # } # NOT RUN { ## Pass a vector to sum, and it will add the elements together. sum(1:5) ## Pass several numbers to sum, and it also adds the elements. sum(1, 2, 3, 4, 5) ## In fact, you can pass vectors into several arguments, and everything gets added. sum(1:2, 3:5) ## If there are missing values, the sum is unknown, i.e., also missing, .... sum(1:5, NA) ## ... unless we exclude missing values explicitly: sum(1:5, NA, na.rm = TRUE) # } 
Documentation reproduced from package base, version 3.5.1, License: Part of R 3.5.1

### Community examples

bgoel2812@gmail.com at Apr 16, 2020 base v3.6.2

sum(seq(1,50))

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

bipin.kumar@live.com at May 4, 2018 base v3.5.0

fani_kumar@hotmail.com at Jan 6, 2018 base v3.4.3

sum(seq(1,10))

fani_kumar@hotmail.com at Jan 6, 2018 base v3.4.3

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

 sum(1,5) x<-1 

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

 sum(1,5) x<-1 

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

  sum(1,5)  

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

> sum(seq(1,20)) >

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

> sum(seq(1,20)) >

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

> sum(seq(1,20)) >

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3

jhgonzalez@adinet.com.uy at Jan 5, 2018 base v3.4.3