`..1`

, etc used in Functions`…`

and `..1`

, `..2`

etc are used to refer to
arguments passed down from a calling function. These (and the
following) can only be used *inside* a function which has
`...`

among it formal arguments.

`...elt(n)`

is a functional way to get `..<n>`

and
basically the same as `eval(paste0("..", n))`

, just more elegant
and efficient.
Note that `switch(n, ...)`

is very close, differing by returning
`NULL`

invisibly instead of an error when `n`

is zero or
too large.

`...length()`

returns the number of expressions in `…`

.
This is the same as `length(list(...))`

but without evaluating
the expressions in `...`

(which happens with `list(...)`

).

```
...length()
...elt(n)
```

n

a positive integer, not larger than the number of expressions
in …, which is the same as `...length()`

which is the same
as `length(list(...))`

, but the latter evaluates all
expressions in `…`

.

`…`

and `..1`

, `..2`

are *reserved* words in
R, see `Reserved`

.

For more, see the Introduction to R manual for usage of these syntactic elements, and dotsMethods for their use in formal (S4) methods.

# NOT RUN { tst <- function(n, ...) ...elt(n) tst(1, pi=pi*0:1, 2:4) ## [1] 0.000000 3.141593 tst(2, pi=pi*0:1, 2:4) ## [1] 2 3 4 try(tst(1)) # -> Error about '...' not containing an element. tst.dl <- function(x, ...) ...length() tst.dl(1:10) # 0 (because the first argument is 'x') tst.dl(4, 5) # 1 tst.dl(4, 5, 6) # 2 namely '5, 6' tst.dl(4, 5, 6, 7, sin(1:10), "foo"/"bar") # 5. Note: no evaluation! # }