# getEdges

##### Get Edges of a Graph

Obtain edges of a 1D, 2D, or 3D graph based on the neighborhood structure.

- Keywords
- spatial

##### Usage

`getEdges(mask, neiStruc)`

##### Arguments

- mask
a vector, matrix, or 3D array specifying vertices of a graph. Vertices of value 1 are within the graph and 0 are not.

- neiStruc
a scalar, vector of four components, or \(3\times4\) matrix corresponding to 1D, 2D, or 3D graphs. It specifies the neighborhood structure. See

`getNeighbors`

for details.

##### Details

There could be more than one way to define the same 3D neighborhood structure for a graph (see Example 4 for illustration).

##### Value

A matrix of two columns with one edge per row. The edges connecting
vertices and their corresponding first neighbors are listed first, and
then those corresponding to the second neighbors, and so on and so
forth. The order of neighbors is the same as in `getNeighbors`

.

##### References

Gerhard Winkler (2003)
Image Analysis, Random Fields and Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods: A Mathematical Introduction (2nd ed.)
*Springer-Verlag*

Dai Feng (2008)
Bayesian Hidden Markov Normal Mixture Models with Application to MRI Tissue Classification
*Ph. D. Dissertation, The University of Iowa*

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
#Example 1: get all edges of a 1D graph.
mask <- c(0,0,rep(1,4),0,1,1,0,0)
getEdges(mask, neiStruc=2)
#Example 2: get all edges of a 2D graph based on neighborhood structure
# corresponding to the first-order Markov random field.
mask <- matrix(1 ,nrow=2, ncol=3)
getEdges(mask, neiStruc=c(2,2,0,0))
#Example 3: get all edges of a 2D graph based on neighborhood structure
# corresponding to the second-order Markov random field.
mask <- matrix(1 ,nrow=3, ncol=3)
getEdges(mask, neiStruc=c(2,2,2,2))
#Example 4: get all edges of a 3D graph based on 6 neighbors structure
# where the neighbors of a vertex comprise its available
# N,S,E,W, upper and lower adjacencies. To achieve it, there
# are several ways, including the two below.
mask <- array(1, dim=rep(3,3))
n61 <- matrix(c(2,2,0,0,
0,2,0,0,
0,0,0,0), nrow=3, byrow=TRUE)
n62 <- matrix(c(2,0,0,0,
0,2,0,0,
2,0,0,0), nrow=3, byrow=TRUE)
e1 <- getEdges(mask, neiStruc=n61)
e2 <- getEdges(mask, neiStruc=n62)
e1 <- e1[order(e1[,1], e1[,2]),]
e2 <- e2[order(e2[,1], e2[,2]),]
all(e1==e2)
#Example 5: get all edges of a 3D graph based on 18 neighbors structure
# where the neighbors of a vertex comprise its available
# adjacencies sharing the same edges or faces.
# To achieve it, there are several ways, including the one below.
n18 <- matrix(c(2,2,2,2,
0,2,2,2,
0,0,2,2), nrow=3, byrow=TRUE)
mask <- array(1, dim=rep(3,3))
getEdges(mask, neiStruc=n18)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package bayesImageS, version 0.4-0, License: GPL (>= 2)*