brms (version 1.10.2)

make_stancode: Stan Code for brms Models


Generate Stan code for brms models


make_stancode(formula, data, family = gaussian(), prior = NULL,
  autocor = NULL, nonlinear = NULL, threshold = c("flexible",
  "equidistant"), sparse = FALSE, cov_ranef = NULL, sample_prior = c("no",
  "yes", "only"), stan_funs = NULL, save_model = NULL, silent = FALSE,



An object of class formula or brmsformula (or one that can be coerced to that classes): A symbolic description of the model to be fitted. The details of model specification are explained in brmsformula.


An object of class data.frame (or one that can be coerced to that class) containing data of all variables used in the model.


A description of the response distribution and link function to be used in the model. This can be a family function, a call to a family function or a character string naming the family. Every family function has a link argument allowing to specify the link function to be applied on the response variable. If not specified, default links are used. For details of supported families see brmsfamily. By default, a linear gaussian model is applied.


One or more brmsprior objects created by set_prior or related functions and combined using the c method. A single brmsprior object may be passed without c() surrounding it. See also get_prior for more help.


An optional cor_brms object describing the correlation structure within the response variable (i.e., the 'autocorrelation'). See the documentation of cor_brms for a description of the available correlation structures. Defaults to NULL, corresponding to no correlations.


(Deprecated) An optional list of formulas, specifying linear models for non-linear parameters. If NULL (the default) formula is treated as an ordinary formula. If not NULL, formula is treated as a non-linear model and nonlinear should contain a formula for each non-linear parameter, which has the parameter on the left hand side and its linear predictor on the right hand side. Alternatively, it can be a single formula with all non-linear parameters on the left hand side (separated by a +) and a common linear predictor on the right hand side. As of brms 1.4.0, we recommend specifying non-linear parameters directly within formula.


(Deprecated) A character string indicating the type of thresholds (i.e. intercepts) used in an ordinal model. "flexible" provides the standard unstructured thresholds and "equidistant" restricts the distance between consecutive thresholds to the same value. As of brms 1.8.0, we recommend specifying threshold directly within the ordinal family functions.


Logical; indicates whether the population-level design matrix should be treated as sparse (defaults to FALSE). For design matrices with many zeros, this can considerably reduce required memory. Sampling speed is currently not improved or even slightly decreased.


A list of matrices that are proportional to the (within) covariance structure of the group-level effects. The names of the matrices should correspond to columns in data that are used as grouping factors. All levels of the grouping factor should appear as rownames of the corresponding matrix. This argument can be used, among others to model pedigrees and phylogenetic effects. See vignette("brms_phylogenetics") for more details.


Indicate if samples from all specified proper priors should be drawn additionally to the posterior samples (defaults to "no"). Among others, these samples can be used to calculate Bayes factors for point hypotheses. If set to "only", samples are drawn solely from the priors ignoring the likelihood. In this case, all parameters must have proper priors.


An optional character string containing self-defined Stan functions, which will be included in the functions block of the generated Stan code. Note that these functions must additionally be defined as vectorized R functions in the global environment for various post-processing methods to work on the returned model object.


Either NULL or a character string. In the latter case, the model code is saved in a file named after the string supplied in save_model, which may also contain the full path where to save the file. If only a name is given, the file is saved in the current working directory.


logical; If TRUE, warnings of the Stan parser will be suppressed.


Other arguments for internal usage only


A character string containing the fully commented Stan code to fit a brms model.


Run this code
make_stancode(rating ~ treat + period + carry + (1|subject), 
              data = inhaler, family = "cumulative")

make_stancode(count ~ log_Age_c + log_Base4_c * Trt_c 
              + (1|patient) + (1|visit), 
              data = epilepsy, family = "poisson")

# }

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