Data for brms Models

Generate data for brms models to be passed to Stan

make_standata(formula, data, family = gaussian(), prior = NULL,
  autocor = NULL, cov_ranef = NULL, sample_prior = c("no", "yes", "only"),
  stanvars = NULL, knots = NULL, check_response = TRUE,
  only_response = FALSE, control = list(), ...)

An object of class formula, brmsformula, or mvbrmsformula (or one that can be coerced to that classes): A symbolic description of the model to be fitted. The details of model specification are explained in brmsformula.


An object of class data.frame (or one that can be coerced to that class) containing data of all variables used in the model.


A description of the response distribution and link function to be used in the model. This can be a family function, a call to a family function or a character string naming the family. Every family function has a link argument allowing to specify the link function to be applied on the response variable. If not specified, default links are used. For details of supported families see brmsfamily. By default, a linear gaussian model is applied. In multivariate models, family might also be a list of families.


One or more brmsprior objects created by set_prior or related functions and combined using the c method or the + operator. See also get_prior for more help.


An optional cor_brms object describing the correlation structure within the response variable (i.e., the 'autocorrelation'). See the documentation of cor_brms for a description of the available correlation structures. Defaults to NULL, corresponding to no correlations. In multivariate models, autocor might also be a list of autocorrelation structures.


A list of matrices that are proportional to the (within) covariance structure of the group-level effects. The names of the matrices should correspond to columns in data that are used as grouping factors. All levels of the grouping factor should appear as rownames of the corresponding matrix. This argument can be used, among others to model pedigrees and phylogenetic effects. See vignette("brms_phylogenetics") for more details.


Indicate if samples from all specified proper priors should be drawn additionally to the posterior samples (defaults to "no"). Among others, these samples can be used to calculate Bayes factors for point hypotheses. If set to "only", samples are drawn solely from the priors ignoring the likelihood. In this case, all parameters must have proper priors.


An optional stanvars object generated by function stanvar to define additional variables for use in Stan's program blocks.


Optional list containing user specified knot values to be used for basis construction of smoothing terms. See gamm for more details.


Logical; check validity of the response?


Logical; extract data related to the response only?


A named list currently for internal usage only


Other potential arguments


A named list of objects containing the required data to fit a brms model with Stan.

  • make_standata
data1 <- make_standata(rating ~ treat + period + carry + (1|subject), 
                       data = inhaler, family = "cumulative")

data2 <- make_standata(count ~ log_Age_c + log_Base4_c * Trt_c 
                       + (1|patient) + (1|visit), 
                       data = epilepsy, family = "poisson")
# }
Documentation reproduced from package brms, version 2.4.0, License: GPL (>= 3)

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