Augment data with information from a(n) statistical object

Augment accepts a model object and a dataset and adds information about each observation in the dataset. Most commonly, this includes predicted values in the .fitted column, residuals in the .resid column, and standard errors for the fitted values in a column. New columns always begin with a . prefix to avoid overwriting columns in the original dataset.

Users may pass data to augment via either the data argument or the newdata argument. If the user passes data to the data argument, it must be exactly the data that was used to fit the model object. Pass datasets to newdata to augment data that was not used during model fitting. This still requires that all columns used to fit the model are present.

Augment will often behavior different depending on whether data or newdata is specified. This is because there is often information associated with training observations (such as influences or related) measures that is not meaningfully defined for new observations.

For convenience, many augment methods provide default data arguments, so that augment(fit) will return the augmented training data. In these cases augment tries to reconstruct the original data based on the model object, with some varying degrees of success.

The augmented dataset is always returned as a tibble::tibble with the same number of rows as the passed dataset. This means that the passed data must be coercible to a tibble. At this time, tibbles do not support matrix-columns. This means you should not specify a matrix of covariates in a model formula during the original model fitting process, and that splines::ns(), stats::poly() and survival::Surv() objects are not supported in input data. If you encounter errors, try explicitly passing a tibble, or fitting the original model on data in a tibble.

We are in the process of defining behaviors for models fit with various na.action arguments, but make no guarantees about behavior when data is missing at this time.

augment(x, ...)

Model object or other R object with information to append to observations.


Addition arguments to augment method.


The second argument is almost always data, which specifies the original data object. This is not part of the S3 signature, partly because it prevents rowwise_df_tidiers from taking a column name as the first argument. The tidiers are currently deprecated and will soon be removed from broom, at which point data will become part of the augment signature.

Historical note: This generic originated in the ggplot2 package, where it was called fortify.


A tibble::tibble() with information about data points.

See Also


  • augment
Documentation reproduced from package broom, version 0.5.0, License: MIT + file LICENSE

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