base64encode & base64decode

0th

Percentile

Convert R vectors to/from the Base64 format

Convert R vectors of any type to and from the Base64 format for encrypting any binary data as string using alphanumeric subset of ASCII character set.

Keywords
file
Usage
base64encode(x, size=NA, endian=.Platform$endian) base64decode(z, what, size=NA, signed = TRUE, endian=.Platform$endian)
Arguments
x
vector or any structure that can be converted to a vector by as.vector function. Strings are also allowed.
z
String with Base64 code, using [A-Z,a-z,0-9,+,/,=] subset of characters
what
Either an object whose mode will give the mode of the vector to be created, or a character vector of length one describing the mode: one of '"numeric", "double", "integer", "int", "logical", "complex", "character", "raw". Same as variable what in readBin functions.
size
integer. The number of bytes per element in the byte stream stored in r. The default, 'NA', uses the natural size. Same as variable size in readBin functions.
signed
logical. Only used for integers of sizes 1 and 2, when it determines if the quantity stored as raw should be regarded as a signed or unsigned integer. Same as variable signed in readBin functions.
endian
If provided, can be used to swap endian-ness. Using '"swap"' will force swapping of byte order. Use '"big"' (big-endian, aka IEEE, aka "network") or '"little"' (little-endian, format used on PC/Intel machines) to indicate type of data encoded in "raw" format. Same as variable endian in readBin functions.
Details

The Base64 encoding is designed to encode arbitrary binary information for transmission by electronic mail. It is defined by MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) specification RFC 1341, RFC 1421, RFC 2045 and others. Triplets of 8-bit octets are encoded as groups of four characters, each representing 6 bits of the source 24 bits. Only a 65-character subset ([A-Z,a-z,0-9,+,/,=]) present in all variants of ASCII and EBCDIC is used, enabling 6 bits to be represented per printable character.

Default sizes for different types of what: logical - 4, integer - 4, double - 8 , complex - 16, character - 2, raw - 1.

Value

Function base64encode returns a string with Base64 code. Function base64decode returns vector of appropriate mode and length (see x above).

References

See Also

xmlValue from XML package reads XML code which sometimes is encoded in Base64 format. readBin, writeBin

Aliases
  • base64encode
  • base64decode
Examples
library(caTools) x = (10*runif(10)>5) # logical for (i in c(NA, 1, 2, 4)) { y = base64encode(x, size=i) z = base64decode(y, typeof(x), size=i) stopifnot(x==z) } print("Checked base64 for encode/decode logical type") x = as.integer(1:10) # integer for (i in c(NA, 1, 2, 4)) { y = base64encode(x, size=i) z = base64decode(y, typeof(x), size=i) stopifnot(x==z) } print("Checked base64 encode/decode for integer type") x = (1:10)*pi # double for (i in c(NA, 4, 8)) { y = base64encode(x, size=i) z = base64decode(y, typeof(x), size=i) stopifnot(mean(abs(x-z))<1e-5) } print("Checked base64 for encode/decode double type") x = log(as.complex(-(1:10)*pi)) # complex y = base64encode(x) z = base64decode(y, typeof(x)) stopifnot(x==z) print("Checked base64 for encode/decode complex type") x = "Chance favors the prepared mind" # character y = base64encode(x) z = base64decode(y, typeof(x)) stopifnot(x==z) print("Checked base64 for encode/decode character type")
Documentation reproduced from package caTools, version 1.17.1, License: GPL-3

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