```
# show runmean for different window sizes
n=200;
x = rnorm(n,sd=30) + abs(seq(n)-n/4)
x[seq(1,n,10)] = NaN; # add NANs
col = c("black", "red", "green", "blue", "magenta", "cyan")
plot(x, col=col[1], main = "Moving Window Means")
lines(runmean(x, 3), col=col[2])
lines(runmean(x, 8), col=col[3])
lines(runmean(x,15), col=col[4])
lines(runmean(x,24), col=col[5])
lines(runmean(x,50), col=col[6])
lab = c("data", "k=3", "k=8", "k=15", "k=24", "k=50")
legend(0,0.9*n, lab, col=col, lty=1 )
# basic tests against 2 standard R approaches
k=25; n=200;
x = rnorm(n,sd=30) + abs(seq(n)-n/4) # create random data
a = runmean(x,k, endrule="trim") # tested function
b = apply(embed(x,k), 1, mean) # approach #1
c = cumsum(c( sum(x[1:k]), diff(x,k) ))/k # approach #2
eps = .Machine$double.eps ^ 0.5
stopifnot(all(abs(a-b)<eps));
stopifnot(all(abs(a-c)<eps));
# test against loop approach
# this test works fine at the R prompt but fails during package check - need to investigate
k=25;
data(iris)
x = iris[,1]
n = length(x)
x[seq(1,n,11)] = NaN; # add NANs
k2 = k
k1 = k-k2-1
a = runmean(x, k)
b = array(0,n)
for(j in 1:n) {
lo = max(1, j-k1)
hi = min(n, j+k2)
b[j] = mean(x[lo:hi], na.rm = TRUE)
}
#stopifnot(all(abs(a-b)<eps)); # commented out for time beeing - on to do list
# compare calculation at array ends
a = runmean(x, k, endrule="mean") # fast C code
b = runmean(x, k, endrule="func") # slow R code
stopifnot(all(abs(a-b)<eps));
# Testing of different methods to each other for non-finite data
# Only alg "C" and "exact" can handle not finite numbers
eps = .Machine$double.eps ^ 0.5
n=200; k=51;
x = rnorm(n,sd=30) + abs(seq(n)-n/4) # nice behaving data
x[seq(1,n,10)] = NaN; # add NANs
x[seq(1,n, 9)] = Inf; # add infinities
b = runmean( x, k, alg="C")
c = runmean( x, k, alg="exact")
stopifnot(all(abs(b-c)<eps));
# Test if moving windows forward and backward gives the same results
# Test also performed on data with non-finite numbers
a = runmean(x , alg="C", k)
b = runmean(x[n:1], alg="C", k)
stopifnot(all(abs(a[n:1]-b)<eps));
a = runmean(x , alg="exact", k)
b = runmean(x[n:1], alg="exact", k)
stopifnot(all(abs(a[n:1]-b)<eps));
# test vector vs. matrix inputs, especially for the edge handling
nRow=200; k=25; nCol=10
x = rnorm(nRow,sd=30) + abs(seq(nRow)-n/4)
x[seq(1,nRow,10)] = NaN; # add NANs
X = matrix(rep(x, nCol ), nRow, nCol) # replicate x in columns of X
a = runmean(x, k)
b = runmean(X, k)
stopifnot(all(abs(a-b[,1])<eps)); # vector vs. 2D array
stopifnot(all(abs(b[,1]-b[,nCol])<eps)); # compare rows within 2D array
# Exhaustive testing of different methods to each other for different windows
numeric.test = function (x, k) {
a = runmean( x, k, alg="fast")
b = runmean( x, k, alg="C")
c = runmean( x, k, alg="exact")
d = runmean( x, k, alg="R", endrule="func")
eps = .Machine$double.eps ^ 0.5
stopifnot(all(abs(a-b)<eps));
stopifnot(all(abs(b-c)<eps));
stopifnot(all(abs(c-d)<eps));
}
n=200;
x = rnorm(n,sd=30) + abs(seq(n)-n/4) # nice behaving data
for(i in 1:5) numeric.test(x, i) # test small window sizes
for(i in 1:5) numeric.test(x, n-i+1) # test large window size
# speed comparison
## Not run:
# x=runif(1e7); k=1e4;
# system.time(runmean(x,k,alg="fast"))
# system.time(runmean(x,k,alg="C"))
# system.time(runmean(x,k,alg="exact"))
# system.time(runmean(x,k,alg="R")) # R version of the function
# x=runif(1e5); k=1e2; # reduce vector and window sizes
# system.time(runmean(x,k,alg="R")) # R version of the function
# system.time(apply(embed(x,k), 1, mean)) # standard R approach
# system.time(filter(x, rep(1/k,k), sides=2)) # the fastest alternative I know
# ## End(Not run)
# show different runmean algorithms with data spanning many orders of magnitude
n=30; k=5;
x = rep(100/3,n)
d=1e10
x[5] = d;
x[13] = d;
x[14] = d*d;
x[15] = d*d*d;
x[16] = d*d*d*d;
x[17] = d*d*d*d*d;
a = runmean(x, k, alg="fast" )
b = runmean(x, k, alg="C" )
c = runmean(x, k, alg="exact")
y = t(rbind(x,a,b,c))
y
```

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