car (version 1.2-6)

ncv.test: Score Test for Non-Constant Error Variance


Computes a score test of the hypothesis of constant error variance against the alternative that the error variance changes with the level of the response (fitted values), or with a linear combination of predictors.


ncv.test(model, ...)

## S3 method for class 'lm':
ncv.test(model, var.formula, data=NULL, subset, na.action, ...)

## S3 method for class 'glm':
ncv.test(model, ...)


a weighted or unweighted linear model, produced by lm.
a one-sided formula for the error variance; if omitted, the error variance depends on the fitted values.
an optional data frame containing the variables in the model. By default the variables are taken from the environment from which ncv.test is called.
an optional vector specifying a subset of observations to be used.
a function that indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. The default is set by the na.action setting of options.
arguments passed down to methods functions.


  • The function returns a chisq.test object, which is usually just printed.


This test is often called the Breusch-Pagan test; it was independently suggested by Cook and Weisberg (1983). ncv.test.glm is a dummy function to generate an error when a glm model is used.


Breusch, T. S. and Pagan, A. R. (1979) A simple test for heteroscedasticity and random coefficient variation. Econometrica 47, 1287--1294. Cook, R. D. and Weisberg, S. (1983) Diagnostics for heteroscedasticity in regression. Biometrika 70, 1--10. Fox, J. (1997) Applied Regression, Linear Models, and Related Methods. Sage.

See Also

hccm, spread.level.plot


Run this code
ncv.test(lm(interlocks~assets+sector+nation, data=Ornstein))
## Non-constant Variance Score Test 
## Variance formula: ~ fitted.values 
## Chisquare = 46.98537    Df = 1     p = 7.151835e-12 
ncv.test(lm(interlocks~assets+sector+nation, data=Ornstein), 
    ~ assets+sector+nation, data=Ornstein)
## Non-constant Variance Score Test 
## Variance formula: ~ assets + sector + nation 
## Chisquare = 74.73535    Df = 13     p = 1.066320e-10

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