# dfbetaPlots

From car v2.0-13
by John Fox

##### dfbeta and dfbetas Index Plots

These functions display index plots of dfbeta (effect on coefficients of deleting each observation in turn) and dfbetas (effect on coefficients of deleting each observation in turn, standardized by a deleted estimate of the coefficient standard error). In the plot of dfbeta, horizontal lines are drawn at 0 and +/- one standard error; in the plot of dfbetas, horizontal lines are drawn and 0 and +/- 1.

- Keywords
- hplot, regression

##### Usage

```
dfbetaPlots(model, ...)
dfbetasPlots(model, ...)
## S3 method for class 'lm':
dfbetaPlots(model, terms= ~ ., intercept=FALSE, layout=NULL, ask,
main, xlab, ylab, labels=rownames(dfbeta),
id.method="y",
id.n=if(id.method[1]=="identify") Inf else 0, id.cex=1,
id.col=palette()[1], col=palette()[1], grid=TRUE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'lm':
dfbetasPlots(model, terms=~., intercept=FALSE, layout=NULL, ask,
main, xlab, ylab,
labels=rownames(dfbeta), id.method="y",
id.n=if(id.method[1]=="identify") Inf else 0, id.cex=1,
id.col=palette()[1], col=palette()[1], grid=TRUE, ...)
```

##### Arguments

- model
- model object produced by
`lm`

or`glm`

. - terms
- A one-sided formula that specifies a subset of the terms in the model.
One dfbeta or dfbetas plot is drawn for each regressor. The default
`~.`

is to plot against all terms in the model with the exception of an intercept. For example, the - intercept
- Include the intercept in the plots; default is
`FALSE`

. - layout
- If set to a value like
`c(1, 1)`

or`c(4, 3)`

, the layout of the graph will have this many rows and columns. If not set, the program will select an appropriate layout. If the number of graphs exceed nine, you must select the la - main
- The title of the graph; if missing, one will be supplied.
- xlab
- Horizontal axis label; defaults to
`"Index"`

. - ylab
- Vertical axis label; defaults to coefficient name.
- ask
- If
`TRUE`

, ask the user before drawing the next plot; if`FALSE`

, the default, don't ask. - ...
- optional additional arguments to be passed to
`plot`

,`points`

, and`showLabels`

- id.method,labels,id.n,id.cex,id.col
- Arguments for the labelling of
points. The default is
`id.n=0`

for labeling no points. See`showLabels`

for details of these arguments. - col
- color for points; defaults to the first entry in the color
`palette`

. - grid
- If
`TRUE`

, the default, a light-gray background grid is put on the graph

##### Value

`NULL`

. These functions are used for their side effect: producing plots.

##### References

Fox, J. (2008)
*Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models*,
Second Edition. Sage.
Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2011)
*An R Companion to Applied Regression*, Second Edition, Sage.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
dfbetaPlots(lm(prestige ~ income + education + type, data=Duncan))
dfbetasPlots(glm(partic != "not.work" ~ hincome + children,
data=Womenlf, family=binomial))
```

*Documentation reproduced from package car, version 2.0-13, License: GPL (>= 2)*

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