# Tapply

0th

Percentile

##### Apply a Function to a Variable Within Factor Levels

Applies a function, typically to compute a single statistic, like a mean, median, or standard deviation, within levels of a factor or within combinations of levels of two or more factors to produce a table of statistics. This function provides a formula interface to the standard R tapply function.

Keywords
misc, manip
##### Usage
Tapply(formula, fun, data, na.action = na.pass, ..., targs = list())
##### Arguments
formula

a two-sided formula of the form variable ~ factor.1 + factor.2 + ... + factor.n or, equivalently, variable ~ factor.1*factor.2* ... *factor.n. The variables on the right-hand side of the formula are normally factors or are otherwise coerced to factors.

fun

a function, like mean, median, or sd, that takes a vector first argument and typically returns a single number as its value.

data

an optional data frame within which to find the variable and factor(s).

na.action

a function to handle missing values, as in statistical modeling functions like lm; the default is na.pass.

arguments to pass to the function given in the fun argument, such as (commonly) na.rm=TRUE.

targs

a list of optional arguments to pass to tapply.

##### Details

The function given by fun is applied to the values of the left-hand-side variable in formula within (combination of) levels of the factor(s) given in the right-hand side of formula, producing a table of statistics.

##### Value

The object returned by tapply, typically simply printed.

##### References

Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2019) An R Companion to Applied Regression, Third Edition. Sage.

tapply.

• Tapply
##### Examples
# NOT RUN {
Tapply(conformity ~ partner.status + fcategory, mean, data=Moore)
Tapply(conformity ~ partner.status + fcategory, mean, data=Moore,
trim=0.2)

Moore[1, 2] <- NA
Tapply(conformity ~ partner.status + fcategory, mean, data=Moore)
Tapply(conformity ~ partner.status + fcategory, mean, data=Moore,
na.rm=TRUE)
Tapply(conformity ~ partner.status + fcategory, mean, data=Moore,
na.action=na.omit)  # equivalent
remove("Moore")
# }

Documentation reproduced from package car, version 3.0-0, License: GPL (>= 2)

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