# recode

##### Recode a Variable

Recodes a numeric vector, character vector, or factor
according to simple recode specifications. `Recode`

is an alias for `recode`

that avoids name clashes
with packages, such as Hmisc, that have a `recode`

function.

- Keywords
- manip

##### Usage

`recode(var, recodes, as.factor, as.numeric=TRUE, levels)`Recode(...)

##### Arguments

- var
numeric vector, character vector, or factor.

- recodes
character string of recode specifications: see below.

- as.factor
return a factor; default is

`TRUE`

if`var`

is a factor,`FALSE`

otherwise.- as.numeric
if

`TRUE`

(the default), and`as.factor`

is`FALSE`

, then the result will be coerced to numeric if all values in the result are numerals---i.e., represent numbers.- levels
an optional argument specifying the order of the levels in the returned factor; the default is to use the sort order of the level names.

- ...
arguments to be passed to

`recode`

.

##### Details

Recode specifications appear in a character string, separated by
semicolons (see the examples below), of the form `input=output`

.
If an input value satisfies more than one specification,
then the first (from left to right) applies.
If no specification is satisfied, then the input value is carried
over to the result. `NA`

is allowed on input and output.
Several recode specifications are supported:

- single value
For example,

`0=NA`

.- vector of values
For example,

`c(7,8,9)='high'`

.- range of values
For example,

`7:9='C'`

. The special values`lo`

and`hi`

may appear in a range. For example,`lo:10=1`

.*Note:*`:`

is*not*the R sequence operator. In addition, you may not use`:`

with the`c`

function within a recode specification, so for example`c(1, 3, 5:7)`

will cause an error.`else`

everything that does not fit a previous specification. For example,

`else=NA`

. Note that`else`

matches*all*otherwise unspecified values on input, including`NA`

.

If all of the output values are numeric, and if `as.factor`

is
`FALSE`

, then a numeric result is returned; if `var`

is a factor,
then by default so is the result.

##### Value

a recoded vector of the same length as `var`

.

##### References

Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2019)
*An R Companion to Applied Regression*, Third Edition, Sage.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
x<-rep(1:3,3)
x
## [1] 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
recode(x, "c(1,2)='A';
else='B'")
## [1] "A" "A" "B" "A" "A" "B" "A" "A" "B"
Recode(x, "1:2='A'; 3='B'")
## [1] "A" "A" "B" "A" "A" "B" "A" "A" "B"
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package car, version 3.0-8, License: GPL (>= 2)*

### Community examples

**ryantcragun@gmail.com**at May 7, 2019 car v3.0-2

# By including just a single value, it's possible to recode just that value and leave all other values unchanged: NEWVAR <- recode(OLDVAR, '99=NA') # This would copy all the other values but recode 99 as NA.