# createDataPartition

0th

Percentile

##### Data Splitting functions

A series of test/training partitions are created using createDataPartition while createResample creates one or more bootstrap samples. createFolds splits the data into k groups.

Keywords
utilities
##### Usage
createDataPartition(y,
times = 1,
p = 0.5,
list = TRUE,
groups = min(5, length(y)))
createResample(y, times = 10, list = TRUE)
createFolds(y, k = 10, list = TRUE, returnTrain = FALSE)
createMultiFolds(y, k = 10, times = 5)
##### Details

For bootstrap samples, simple random sampling is used.

For other data splitting, the random sampling is done within the levels of y when y is a factor in an attempt to balance the class distributions within the splits.

For numeric y, the sample is split into groups sections based on percentiles and sampling is done within these subgroups. For createDataPartition, the number of percentiles is set via the groups argument. For createFolds and createMultiFolds, the number of groups is set dynamically based on the sample size and k. For smaller samples sizes, these two functions may not do stratified splitting and, at most, will split the data into quartiles.

Also, for code{createDataPartition}, very small class sizes (<= 3)="" the="" classes="" may="" not="" show="" up="" in="" both="" training="" and="" test="" data<="" p="">

For multiple k-fold cross-validation, completely independent folds are created. The names of the list objects will denote the fold membership using the pattern "Foldi.Repj" meaning the ith section (of k) of the jth cross-validation set (of times). Note that this function calls createFolds with list = TRUE and returnTrain = TRUE.

##### Value

• A list or matrix of row position integers corresponding to the training data

##### Examples
data(oil)
createDataPartition(oilType, 2)

x <- rgamma(50, 3, .5)
inA <- createDataPartition(x, list = FALSE)

plot(density(x[inA]))
rug(x[inA])

points(density(x[-inA]), type = "l", col = 4)
rug(x[-inA], col = 4)

createResample(oilType, 2)

createFolds(oilType, 10)
createFolds(oilType, 5, FALSE)

createFolds(rnorm(21))
Documentation reproduced from package caret, version 5.07-001, License: GPL-2

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