BoxCoxTrans.default

0th

Percentile

Box-Cox and Exponential Transformations

These classes can be used to estimate transformations and apply them to existing and future data

Keywords
utilities
Usage
BoxCoxTrans(y, ...)
expoTrans(y, ...)## S3 method for class 'default':
BoxCoxTrans(y, x = rep(1, length(y)),
fudge = 0.2, numUnique = 3, na.rm = FALSE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'default':
expoTrans(y, na.rm  = TRUE, init = 0,
lim = c(-4, 4), method = "Brent",
numUnique = 3, ...)## S3 method for class 'BoxCoxTrans':
predict(object, newdata, ...)
## S3 method for class 'expoTrans':
predict(object, newdata, ...)
Arguments
y
a numeric vector of data to be transformed. For BoxCoxTrans, the data must be strictly positive.
x
an optional dependent variable to be used in a linear model.
fudge
a tolerance value: lambda values within +/-fudge will be coerced to 0 and within 1+/-fudge will be coerced to 1.
numUnique
how many unique values should y have to estimate the transformation?
na.rm
a logical value indicating whether NA values should be stripped from y and x before the computation proceeds.
init, lim, method
initial values, limits and optimization method for optim.
...
for BoxCoxTrans: options to pass to boxcox. plotit should not be passed through. For predict.BoxCoxTrans, additional arguments are ignored.
object
an object of class BoxCoxTrans or expoTrans.
newdata
a numeric vector of values to transform.
Details

BoxCoxTrans function is basically a wrapper for the boxcox function in the MASS library. It can be used to estimate the transformation and apply it to new data.

expoTrans estimates the exponential transformation of Manly (1976) but assumes a common mean for the data. The transformation parameter is estimated by directly maximizing the likelihood.

If any(y <= 0)<="" code=""> or if length(unique(y)) < numUnique, lambda is not estimated and no transformation is applied.

Value

• Both functions returns a list of class of either BoxCoxTrans or expoTrans with elements
• lambdaestimated transformation value
• fudgevalue of fudge
• nnumber of data points used to estimate lambda
• summarythe results of summary(y)
• ratiomax(y)/min(y)
• skewnesssample skewness statistic
• BoxCoxTrans also returns:
• fudgevalue of fudge
• The predict functions returns numeric vectors of transformed values

References

Box, G. E. P. and Cox, D. R. (1964) An analysis of transformations (with discussion). Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B, 26, 211-252.

Manly, B. L. (1976) Exponential data transformations. The Statistician, 25, 37 - 42.

boxcox, preProcess, optim

Aliases
• BoxCoxTrans.default
• BoxCoxTrans
• predict.BoxCoxTrans
• expoTrans.default
• expoTrans
• predict.expoTrans
Examples
data(BloodBrain)

ratio <- exp(logBBB)
bc <- BoxCoxTrans(ratio)
bc

predict(bc, ratio[1:5])

ratio[5] <- NA
bc2 <- BoxCoxTrans(ratio, bbbDescr\$tpsa, na.rm = TRUE)
bc2

manly <- expoTrans(ratio)
manly
Documentation reproduced from package caret, version 6.0-24, License: GPL-2

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