```
# NOT RUN {
## Example data
## Davis (1986, p. 140)
davis <- matrix(
c(3, 6,
2, 19),
nrow = 2, byrow = TRUE
)
davis <- as.table(davis)
## Asymptotic Pearson chi-squared test
chisq_test(davis)
chisq.test(davis, correct = FALSE) # same as above
## Approximative (Monte Carlo) Pearson chi-squared test
ct <- chisq_test(davis,
distribution = approximate(nresample = 10000))
pvalue(ct) # standard p-value
midpvalue(ct) # mid-p-value
pvalue_interval(ct) # p-value interval
size(ct, alpha = 0.05) # test size at alpha = 0.05 using the p-value
## Exact Pearson chi-squared test (Davis, 1986)
## Note: disagrees with Fisher's exact test
ct <- chisq_test(davis,
distribution = "exact")
pvalue(ct) # standard p-value
midpvalue(ct) # mid-p-value
pvalue_interval(ct) # p-value interval
size(ct, alpha = 0.05) # test size at alpha = 0.05 using the p-value
fisher.test(davis)
## Laryngeal cancer data
## Agresti (2002, p. 107, Tab. 3.13)
cancer <- matrix(
c(21, 2,
15, 3),
nrow = 2, byrow = TRUE,
dimnames = list(
"Treatment" = c("Surgery", "Radiation"),
"Cancer" = c("Controlled", "Not Controlled")
)
)
cancer <- as.table(cancer)
## Exact Pearson chi-squared test (Agresti, 2002, p. 108, Tab. 3.14)
## Note: agrees with Fishers's exact test
(ct <- chisq_test(cancer,
distribution = "exact"))
midpvalue(ct) # mid-p-value
pvalue_interval(ct) # p-value interval
size(ct, alpha = 0.05) # test size at alpha = 0.05 using the p-value
fisher.test(cancer)
## Homework conditions and teacher's rating
## Yates (1948, Tab. 1)
yates <- matrix(
c(141, 67, 114, 79, 39,
131, 66, 143, 72, 35,
36, 14, 38, 28, 16),
byrow = TRUE, ncol = 5,
dimnames = list(
"Rating" = c("A", "B", "C"),
"Condition" = c("A", "B", "C", "D", "E")
)
)
yates <- as.table(yates)
## Asymptotic Pearson chi-squared test (Yates, 1948, p. 176)
chisq_test(yates)
## Asymptotic Pearson-Yates chi-squared test (Yates, 1948, pp. 180-181)
## Note: 'Rating' and 'Condition' as ordinal
(ct <- chisq_test(yates,
alternative = "less",
scores = list("Rating" = c(-1, 0, 1),
"Condition" = c(2, 1, 0, -1, -2))))
statistic(ct)^2 # chi^2 = 2.332
## Asymptotic Pearson-Yates chi-squared test (Yates, 1948, p. 181)
## Note: 'Rating' as ordinal
chisq_test(yates,
scores = list("Rating" = c(-1, 0, 1))) # Q = 3.825
## Change in clinical condition and degree of infiltration
## Cochran (1954, Tab. 6)
cochran <- matrix(
c(11, 7,
27, 15,
42, 16,
53, 13,
11, 1),
byrow = TRUE, ncol = 2,
dimnames = list(
"Change" = c("Marked", "Moderate", "Slight",
"Stationary", "Worse"),
"Infiltration" = c("0-7", "8-15")
)
)
cochran <- as.table(cochran)
## Asymptotic Pearson chi-squared test (Cochran, 1954, p. 435)
chisq_test(cochran) # X^2 = 6.88
## Asymptotic Cochran-Armitage test (Cochran, 1954, p. 436)
## Note: 'Change' as ordinal
(ct <- chisq_test(cochran,
scores = list("Change" = c(3, 2, 1, 0, -1))))
statistic(ct)^2 # X^2 = 6.66
## Change in size of ulcer crater for two treatment groups
## Armitage (1955, Tab. 2)
armitage <- matrix(
c( 6, 4, 10, 12,
11, 8, 8, 5),
byrow = TRUE, ncol = 4,
dimnames = list(
"Treatment" = c("A", "B"),
"Crater" = c("Larger", "< 2/3 healed",
">= 2/3 healed", "Healed")
)
)
armitage <- as.table(armitage)
## Approximative (Monte Carlo) Pearson chi-squared test (Armitage, 1955, p. 379)
chisq_test(armitage,
distribution = approximate(nresample = 10000)) # chi^2 = 5.91
## Approximative (Monte Carlo) Cochran-Armitage test (Armitage, 1955, p. 379)
(ct <- chisq_test(armitage,
distribution = approximate(nresample = 10000),
scores = list("Crater" = c(-1.5, -0.5, 0.5, 1.5))))
statistic(ct)^2 # chi_0^2 = 5.26
## Relationship between job satisfaction and income stratified by gender
## Agresti (2002, p. 288, Tab. 7.8)
## Asymptotic generalized Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test (Agresti, p. 297)
cmh_test(jobsatisfaction) # CMH = 10.2001
## Asymptotic generalized Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test (Agresti, p. 297)
## Note: 'Job.Satisfaction' as ordinal
cmh_test(jobsatisfaction,
scores = list("Job.Satisfaction" = c(1, 3, 4, 5))) # L^2 = 9.0342
## Asymptotic linear-by-linear association test (Agresti, p. 297)
## Note: 'Job.Satisfaction' and 'Income' as ordinal
(lt <- lbl_test(jobsatisfaction,
scores = list("Job.Satisfaction" = c(1, 3, 4, 5),
"Income" = c(3, 10, 20, 35))))
statistic(lt)^2 # M^2 = 6.1563
# }
```

Run the code above in your browser using DataCamp Workspace