Select distinct/unique rows

Retain only unique/distinct rows from an input tbl. This is similar to unique.data.frame(), but considerably faster.

distinct(.data, ..., .keep_all = FALSE)

a tbl


Optional variables to use when determining uniqueness. If there are multiple rows for a given combination of inputs, only the first row will be preserved. If omitted, will use all variables.


If TRUE, keep all variables in .data. If a combination of ... is not distinct, this keeps the first row of values.


Comparing list columns is not fully supported. Elements in list columns are compared by reference. A warning will be given when trying to include list columns in the computation. This behavior is kept for compatibility reasons and may change in a future version. See examples.

  • distinct
df <- tibble(
  x = sample(10, 100, rep = TRUE),
  y = sample(10, 100, rep = TRUE)
nrow(distinct(df, x, y))

distinct(df, x)
distinct(df, y)

# Can choose to keep all other variables as well
distinct(df, x, .keep_all = TRUE)
distinct(df, y, .keep_all = TRUE)

# You can also use distinct on computed variables
distinct(df, diff = abs(x - y))

# The same behaviour applies for grouped data frames
# except that the grouping variables are always included
df <- tibble(
  g = c(1, 1, 2, 2),
  x = c(1, 1, 2, 1)
) %>% group_by(g)
df %>% distinct()
df %>% distinct(x)

# Values in list columns are compared by reference, this can lead to
# surprising results
tibble(a = as.list(c(1, 1, 2))) %>% glimpse() %>% distinct()
tibble(a = as.list(1:2)[c(1, 1, 2)]) %>% glimpse() %>% distinct()
# }
Documentation reproduced from package dplyr, version 0.7.8, License: MIT + file LICENSE

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