dplyr (version 0.7.8)

mutate: Add new variables


mutate() adds new variables and preserves existing; transmute() drops existing variables.


mutate(.data, ...)

transmute(.data, ...)



A tbl. All main verbs are S3 generics and provide methods for tbl_df(), dtplyr::tbl_dt() and dbplyr::tbl_dbi().


Name-value pairs of expressions. Use NULL to drop a variable.

These arguments are automatically quoted and evaluated in the context of the data frame. They support unquoting and splicing. See vignette("programming") for an introduction to these concepts.


An object of the same class as .data.

Scoped mutation and transmutation

The three scoped variants of mutate() (mutate_all(), mutate_if() and mutate_at()) and the three variants of transmute() (transmute_all(), transmute_if(), transmute_at()) make it easy to apply a transformation to a selection of variables.

Tidy data

When applied to a data frame, row names are silently dropped. To preserve, convert to an explicit variable with tibble::rownames_to_column().

See Also

Other single table verbs: arrange, filter, select, slice, summarise


Run this code
# Newly created variables are available immediately
mtcars %>% as_tibble() %>% mutate(
  cyl2 = cyl * 2,
  cyl4 = cyl2 * 2

# You can also use mutate() to remove variables and
# modify existing variables
mtcars %>% as_tibble() %>% mutate(
  mpg = NULL,
  disp = disp * 0.0163871 # convert to litres

# window functions are useful for grouped mutates
mtcars %>%
 group_by(cyl) %>%
 mutate(rank = min_rank(desc(mpg)))
# see `vignette("window-functions")` for more details

# You can drop variables by setting them to NULL
mtcars %>% mutate(cyl = NULL)

# mutate() vs transmute --------------------------
# mutate() keeps all existing variables
mtcars %>%
  mutate(displ_l = disp / 61.0237)

# transmute keeps only the variables you create
mtcars %>%
  transmute(displ_l = disp / 61.0237)

# mutate() supports quasiquotation. You can unquote quosures, which
# can refer to both contextual variables and variable names:
var <- 100
as_tibble(mtcars) %>% mutate(cyl = !!quo(cyl * var))
# }

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